This Thursday, a new discovery was made public in Egypt. This is not a new tomb with a pharaoh, but a city lost under the sand dunes of the country 3000 years ago.Some experts even call it The second most important archaeological discovery From the tomb of Tutankhamun (Tutankhamun) was named the “Lost Golden City”.
Zahi Hawass is the person in charge of this mission in African countries. He is one of the most famous Egyptologists in the world, and is increasingly famous for his reputation in historical documentaries of ancient Egyptian civilization.He is one of the most important figures in the recent history of the country because it took him many years of hard work to achieve Bring back thousands of historical works that have been exported Visited museums in other countries during the colonial era.
One of these relics is the Rosetta Stone, currently in the British Museum in London. Hawass went on to say: “If the British want to be reminded, if they want to restore their reputation, They should take the initiative to return the stone, because it is a symbol of our Egyptian status. “
Zahi Hawass was born in Damietta, a Mediterranean city in 1947. At the age of 74, he continues to lead local archaeological expeditions, and his work for the Egyptian government has a history of nearly 20 years. In 2002, he was elected by the executive officer as the secretary-general of the Government’s Supreme Council of Monuments Preservation, protection and management of all antiquities And archaeological excavations in the country.
This is the first public office held by Hawass. In addition to establishing the boundaries of archaeological sites, the Supreme Council of Antiquities is also responsible for The only agent authorized to restore or preserve Egyptian monuments. In addition, foreign archaeologists working in Egypt are required to inform the council of all discoveries they have discovered, and to discover them before publication. This is a controversial move that led to the deportation of several historians from the country.
Hawass served on the council until he was appointed Minister of Antiquities in 2011. This is a brand new position that absorbed the work of his previous position. He led various excavations in the Nile Delta region and won wide recognition at home and abroad. Very convulsive and full of suspected corruption cases, He was in office for only six months, until he resigned in July.
Havas’ method of establishing the newly formed Ministry of Antiquities is not the best.Only one month in office Resigned to protest the robbery at the archaeological siteBut two weeks later, he returned to the post at the request of the Prime Minister. Only 15 days later, an Egyptian judge sentenced him to one year in prison in an old lawsuit filed by Zahi Hawass over land ownership issues and demoted him to minister again. However, the sentence was appealed and annulled shortly afterwards, and he returned to his position again.
He served as a minister until July, when he was accused of having a close relationship with the then President Hosni Mubarak (Hosni Mubarak) and accused of getting rich illegally, which Hawas has consistently denied. however, Sentenced to one year in jail on suspicion of corruption After the appeal of archaeologists and two years of investigation, justice was again abolished. On July 22, he clearly left the post of minister. He said: “I will retire and focus on my work as both a researcher and a writer.”
Finally, despite being under the supervision of the government, he currently leads most of the privately funded expeditions and is still struggling to find new aspects of ancient Egyptian civilization.Their latest discovery is the lost city Luxor. They began searching for the Tutankhamun Mortuary Temple in September 2020 and finally found it “The largest administrative and industrial settlement in the Egyptian Empire on the West Bank of Luxor”, Located on the Nile River.