World stroke day: step by step, how to deal with symptoms

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It is key to act urgently to reduce the damage and risk of death.

Stroke is an acute disease that occurs when an area of ​​the brain stops getting oxygen and nutrients you need to live, due to an obstruction (ischemic stroke) or rupture (hemorrhagic stroke) of the artery supplying the affected area, causing neurological symptoms that appear suddenly. It is a very frequent condition: it is estimated that they occur between 50,000 and 60,000 cases per year in Argentina and is the leading cause of disability in the country and the fourth of mortality.

“Stroke is a disease time-dependent, that is, the faster you act, the better the evolution and the results will be, that is why it is very important to recognize it, not deny the symptoms and quickly activate the emergency service “, explains the medical specialist in emergentology Adolfo Savia, within the framework of the global stroke.

The best chance of care is when the patient arrives at the hospital between 3 and 4 and a half hours from the beginning of the symptoms and even within that time the sooner the better, specifies the head of Emergencies of the Anchorena Sanatorium.

“Currently prehospital emergency services are integrated into a protocol or ‘code’ of stroke that generates rapid communication with the nearest stroke center, allowing all diagnostic and therapeutic actions to be carried out quickly, safely and without waiting, “he added.

In a stroke, up to 2,000,000 neurons per minute so the faster the final care, the better the prognosis.

When a person suddenly develops any of the following symptoms, it is imperative to act quickly, as they are warning signs that they may be having a stroke:

✔ Loss of strength in the middle of the body (arm and / or leg).

✔Altered sensitivity in the middle of the body (arm and / or leg).

✔Speak problems (slurring, using incomplete or inappropriate words) Deviation of the corner of the mouth.

✔Sudden blindness.

✔ Intense headache.

✔ Dizziness, inability to walk, and even loss of consciousness.

“Although the incidence of stroke increases with age, it can also occur in young people, which is why it is always important to consider any of these symptoms as an emergency, regardless of the age of the affected person,” says Savia.

The doctor explains how to deal with a person who shows symptoms of having a stroke:

Call 107 or to the emergency number of the social work / prepaid of the affected person.

✔ Explain to the operator of the Emergency Service that you suspect that you are facing a stroke and follow the telephone instructions that they give you.

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