In many regions there are protests against the new quarantines. In some areas they reverted to the April and May restrictions.
With a new alarming jump in the number of infected and deceased, Italy this Thursday exceeded 40 thousand deaths (40,209) due to the coronavirus epidemic, in which 34,505 infected and 445 deaths were registered in one day, amid fierce controversies between the government and governors of the twenty regions, who they rebel to the quarantines selective programs implemented from this Friday together with a curfew at the national level from 22 to 5, to contain the overwhelming level and the speed of expansion of the pandemic.
The second wave is advancing to an average of 30 thousand cases daily, multiplied in a single month, with a growing share of deceased and admitted to hospitals, especially in critical special intensive care beds. This Thursday the absolute record was registered since the pandemic began on February 21.
The measures will last at least one month and they contemplate a division of the country into three areas according to the level of severity of the coronavirus punishment in each region.
In the red area, reserved for the worst situations, are Lombardy and Piedmont, the two most important regions of the industrial north, together with the small alpine region of Valle d’Aosta and Calabria, in the south, chosen for the weakness of their hospital structures .
In the regions included in the red area, it becomes like in the first quarantine, which was in force between March 10 and May 10, to the obligation to stay at home, leaving home only for work or domestic shopping reasons, and if necessary, show a certification of why you are leaving home for other valid reasons.
Moving from one region to another is also prohibited.
Bars, restaurants, and many businesses must be closed, as should cinemas, theaters, and theater venues. Hairdressers are allowed to continue working and shopping centers must close on weekends. You can only go for a walk close to home, using the mandatory mask, or do physical activity keeping a meter away from other people.
Considered with less risk thanks to a curve of 21 points elaborated with algorithms, especially the RT or contagion index, the regions of Puglia (Bari) and Sicilia (Palermo) are in the orange area. Although there were also protests against quarantine there, they face less harsh restrictions than the “red” regions. For example, bars and restaurants may open until 6 p.m.
The rest of the twenty regions are in the yellow area, such as Lazio (Rome), Liguria (Genoa), Campania (Naples), Tuscany (Florence). There are fewer restrictions in this area, although museums will also need to be closed. There will be more freedom of movement than in the red and orange areas.
The governor of Sicily, Nello Mussumeci, protested the “privilege” given to Campania in the best area despite the fact that on Monday it registered 4,000 infected, while Sicily has better data but was condemned to the “yellow” of medium-high risk.
Other regional governments recalled that the president of Campania, Vincenzo de Luca, had closed the schools and formally requested a total quarantine throughout the country “given the seriousness of the situation.”
Measurements confirmed for secondary school students to study from home online by the DAD system (Distance Learning) in order to relieve public transport, which from this Friday will not be able to circulate throughout the country with more than half its capacity.
General attention is concentrated in the large northern regions. The government reported that the red area, which comprises Lombardy and Piedmont, with its metropolitan areas of Milan and Turin, affect 17 of the 60 million inhabitants of the country.
The president of the Lombard region, the most punished since the beginning of the pandemic, in February, Attilio Fontana, protested and said that it was being studied to challenge the government’s decisions, whose data that justify the different categories, “were made with old numbers” .
Fontana claimed that the decision had “slapped” the Lombards. He also stressed that the regional situation is very different, since provinces such as Bergamo and Brescia, which suffered thousands of fatalities in the first wave of the pandemic, now register low levels of infected and dead.
Lombardy and Piedmont are the two largest industrial regions, with living standards closer to Germany than the rest of Italy. Fontana said the government’s decision it significantly damages the prestige and economic situation of Lombardy.