Although Trump has not confirmed his nomination, which would be the third in his term, Barett met with the US president at the White House last week, according to sources quoted by the Associated Press.
Amy Coney Barrett, 48, was born in New Orleans and comes from a family of seven children, a lawyer father and a housewife, the eldest of the siblings. She is a Catholic and has seven children with her husband, a former federal prosecutor, five natives and two adoptees.
An appellate judge for the states of Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin in 2017, she was also nominated as an associate judge of the Supreme Court in 2018, but lost in favor of Brett Kavanaugh.
Barrett graduated from Notre Dame University with a degree in promotion and has taught here since 2002, being named Professor of the Year several times. She was previously an intern for Antonin Scalia, a well-known conservative figure, and practiced law.
Although she did not directly judge abortion cases, as an appellate judge she voted in the minority in certain cases – against an appeal involving parental notification legislation in abortion cases under 16, but also in favor of retrials involving a law regulating fetal remains after abortion. In both cases, the majority decided that it was a restriction on the right to abortion, and therefore a violation of the legislation adopted in 1973.
According to a 2019 survey by the Pew Research Center, more than two-thirds of Americans are in favor of abortion in most or even all cases, the highest level of support in more than 20 years. Just over 10% believe that abortion is justified regardless of the circumstances.
Barrett considers himself a follower of originalism, a conception that presupposes the interpretation of the Constitution according to how those who originally ratified it understood it, having also an expertise in the field.
The American press frequently reported on his connections with a conservative Christian group, People of Praise. Gay rights activist groups have emphasized that school curricula in this group support sexual intercourse only between married heterosexuals. One of them, the Human Rights Campaign strongly opposed its confirmation in the Senate (in October 2017, with 55 votes to 43) arguing that “it is an absolute danger to the rights of the LGBTQ community.”
Barrett always insisted that his work was not affected by his religious beliefs.
As a federal judge, she has ruled in favor of Trump’s tough anti-immigration policies and has shown support for extended gun rights.
Conservatives also hope his appointment will help invalidate Obamacare, Obama’s health insurance program that introduced the Affordable Care Act – a program that benefits 20 million Americans.
His religious beliefs, especially in the matter of abortion, were addressed during a hearing in the Senate Judiciary Committee – an article was written 20 years earlier with a law professor, who argued in favor of self-denial of Catholic judges who he should decide the death penalty. Asked how she sees the issue of faith versus responsibilities as a judge, Barrett replied, “My personal affiliation with a particular church or religious faith will not in any way reflect my duties as a judge,” stressing that a magistrate’s personal beliefs, regardless of their source cannot be imposed on the law. The Democratic senator’s reaction – “The conclusion from this is that dogma resides strongly in you, and that’s a problem when there are major issues at stake for which people in this country have fought for years” – brought her popularity among Republicans and an organization. Conservative legal activist began printing images with the famous reply Republican voices and presidents of the University of Notre Dame criticized what they called “unconstitutional religious test,” but the founder of the liberal activist Alliance for Justice defended the questionnaire.
Asked if she had signed a letter of support for the Synod of Bishops for the Family on human sexuality and the definition of marriage as a union between a man and a woman, Barrett said the church’s definition was legally irrelevant.
Donald Trump is expected tonight to propose a replacement for Liberal Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg, known for her fight for women’s rights.