Facing a certain situation or facing two theories, the simplest solution is usually the most successful. This is the interpretation of the Occam’s razor, or principle of simplicity, popular by the Franciscan friar and philosopher William of Ockham.
This is a principle of economics and methodology, which determines the following: “When all conditions are the same, the simplest explanation is usually the most likely“. In this way, this reductionist reflection (which first appeared in the philosophy of the 14th century) prioritizes simplicity over complexity when solving problems.
“Entities should not become unnecessaryThe friar Guillermo de Ockham used this phrase to try to demonstrate his principles, which means Can’t assume plurals unnecessarily. That is, explanations for solving theories or problems should not add reasons without such a need, because in many cases they can be solved with simple but not complicated theories.
He is considered Defender of materialism as opposed to Platonic thought. Ockham and his philosophy marked the beginning of a crisis of academicism, because their influence was the basis for the separation of philosophy from theology and philosophical skepticism.
Oakham’s razor, although it has been used in different disciplines since then, It is not considered an irrefutable principle. In fact, this is not the result of science. For some problems, there may be more complex theories that are more suitable than simple theories.
Therefore, this thinker’s principle of simplicity is for the simplest theory. If there is no other data or scientific evidence, more complex data or scientific evidence can be proved. Although it is necessary to include more evidence to find an appropriate explanation, the tool can be used to establish preliminary ideas in certain disciplines (such as macroeconomics, statistics, biology, or medicine).