The twin children of the second vice president of the Government, Pablo Iglesias, and the Minister of Equality, Irene Montero, have been admitted to the Gregorio Marañón Hospital in Madrid this Saturday because of bronchiolitis, as reported by La Vanguardia, citing sources close to the Minister of Equality.

First aid: how to assist a person who is having trouble breathing

Both had been ill for several days and as their health deteriorated they were taken to hospital. Although his condition has improved this Sunday, health professionals have decided that they remain hospitalized for observation.

Bronchiolitis is a lung infection, usually caused by a virus, which accounts for a considerable percentage of infant and toddler hospitalizations. It mostly affects children under 24 months and presents a maximum incidence between two and six months of age, as indicated from MSD Manuals.

How does this disease originate?

It is a disease of the respiratory tract that happens when the bronchioles become inflamed and a buildup of mucus occurs that makes breathing difficult as a result of a viral infection, in most cases.

The most common cause is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), to which more than half of babies are exposed during their first year of life. According to Nemours KidsHealth, Other viruses that can cause this condition include the following:

  • Rhinovirus. It is the cause of the common cold.
  • Flu virus.
  • Metapneumovirus humano.
  • Adenovirus.
  • Coronavirus.
  • Parainfluenza virus.

What are the warning signs?

This condition is characterized by a symptoms similar to that of the common cold during the first days such as congestion, runny nose, cough, or mild fever. Afterwards, “for a week or more there may be difficulty breathing or a wheezing when the child exhales,” they stress from Mayo Clinic.

An optometrist grading a child's eyesight.
Attentive to the four signs that can indicate that your child does not see well

The clinical picture can be complicated if you have rapid breathing (tachypnea); severe shortness of breath and shortness of breath; fatigue; higher fever; dehydration; bluish skin from lack of oxygen (cyanosis); difficulties eating or drinking, or drowsiness.

In these cases it is necessary to seek medical attention, especially if the baby is less than 12 weeks old or there are other risk factors such as premature birth, heart or lung disease, or have a weakened immune system as a result of a pathology or taking medications.

How is the treatment?

Most cases of bronchiolitis are mild and do not require specific treatment, since antibiotics are not effective in fighting the condition, unless it is bacterial in origin. It usually lasts 12 days, although many children or babies “may continue to cough and wheeze or wheeze for several weeks.”, detail from Nemours KidsHealth.

Those with more severe symptoms may need hospitalization for observation. Medical professionals can administer fluids to prevent dehydration and moist oxygen to maintain blood oxygen levels. “In severe cases, a tube can be inserted into the windpipe to help the child breathe,” they clarify at Mayo Clinic.