From the case of Andrew Jackson to that of Al Gore VS George Bush or Trump; candidates who ended up winning outside the polls.
Five times in the history of the United States, candidates for the highest office lost in the popular vote but won the presidency: the most recent case, in 2016.
Could Donald Trump be the first to do it? twice?
Look at an American political anomaly:
—1824: Andrew Jackson won in plural both the popular vote and in the Electoral College, but did not obtain a majority, with which the election passed to the House of Representatives. There were three other presidential candidates, including Jackson members of the Democratic-Republican Party: John Quincy Adams, William Crawford and Henry Clay. Clay gave his support to Adams, thus ensuring victory for Adams, who made Clay his secretary of state. Angered by this “corrupt deal,” Jackson resigned from the Senate and ran for president again in 1828. This time he won easily.
—1876: The democrat Samuel Tilden defeated Republican Rutherford B. Hayes by more than 200,000 votes. But he needed 185 votes from the Electoral College and only got 184 against 165 of Hayes; 20 votes from Florida, Louisiana, Oregon and South Carolina were in dispute. Congress created a commission made up of representatives from both parties to decide the winner; On March 2, three days before the inauguration, they elected Hayes, a compromise that the Democrats accepted in exchange for a promise to withdraw federal troops from the south, ending the so-called Post-Civil War Reconstruction.
—1888: The campaign was riddled with corruption, including allegations of vote buying and black ballot removal. It ended with the triumph of the Democratic president Grover Cleveland in the popular vote by more than 90,000 votes over Republican Benjamin Harrison, but being defeated in the electoral vote by 233 to 168. Cleveland would regain office in the following presidential elections.
—2000: The republican George W. Bush he lost the popular vote to Democrat Al Gore by more than 500,000 votes. But the Electoral College vote was tight and It all came down to the state of Florida, where the recount became a dispute over marks made on individual ballots. On December 12, the US Supreme Court. stopped counting with Bush prevailing in Florida, granting the election to the former governor of Texas. Bush obtained 271 electoral votes; Gore 266.
—2016: Trump won in the Electoral College, 304 votes to 227 for Hillary Clinton, but lost in the popular count by 2.8 million votes. While the electorate has grown over the years, Trump lost the popular vote for higher margin than any other president-elect.
Por Jerry Schwartz, Associated Press
Translation: Román García Azcárate