The tortuous history of Middle east has written this Tuesday a new page with the signature of the so-called Abrahamic agreements to normalize the relationships between Israel and the Sunni monarchies of United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, two diplomatic milestones that open for the first time gates of the Persian Gulf the Jewish State and formalize the realignment of forces in the region to deal with Iran. Donald Trump presided over the ceremony in the gardens of the south face of the White House, after affirming that there is ongoing negotiations with five other countries Arabs to follow in the wake of their peers. “After decades of division and conflict, we marked the beginning of a new Middle East& rdquor ;, said the American leader to seal the greatest diplomatic achievement of his presidency.
Few expected Trump to succeed in a mission that most of his predecessors failed. But the Republican has changed the way of approaching the conflict. Instead of prioritizing solution of the Palestinian problem, where other presidents got stuck, has chosen to ignore it for build the house from the roofor, relying on the common interests between Israel and the Gulf countries. Mainly the hostility they share towards the Shiite regime in Tehran and its satellites in the region, reflected in the discreet cooperation between both sides in recent years, but also the delicate legitimacy of its rulers or the economic and military potential of the agreements. And all of them have returned the favor with this diplomatic victory that comes less than two months after the presidential elections in the United States.
“This is one peace without blood in the sand& rdquor ;, said the American leader before triumphantly proclaiming that “they will lay the foundations for a comprehensive peace throughout the region& rdquor ;. She did it from the same place where Bill Clinton 25 years ago, together with Rabin and King Hussein, laid the foundations for the peace agreement between Israel and Jordan, the only one signed so far by the Jewish State together with Egypt in 1979. More than 700 guests attended the ceremony, which was not attended by the heads of State of the Emirates and Bahrain, represented by their foreign ministers. The low profile of both delegations attests that, although the taboo of normalization has been broken with Tel Aviv, it remains a high-risk exercise in the face of Arab public opinion.
Its foreign ministers were in charge of recalling that the reconciliation sought in the region involves putting into practice the two-state solution, a solution that Trump has just buried with the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel or its carte blanche to annex the Palestinian West Bank. Those plans are currently on hold, after the Emirates made them a condition for sealing the deal. The other seems to have been the purchase of cAmerican F-35 fighter jets, an operation that Trump welcomes despite initial misgivings from the Israeli prime minister, Binyamin Netanyahu.
“Today we are witnessing a change in the heart of the Middle East, a change that will bring hope around the world & rdquor ;, said the Emirati Foreign Minister, Abullah al Nayhan. All were smiles and gestures of complicity during the signing of four of the agreements, which will serve for the embassy exchange, the establishment of direct flights to Tel Aviv and cooperation in areas such as security, tourism or technology. More than anyone else, the entente serves to vindicate Netanyahu, who has managed to break the isolation that was assumed for years on Israel without making a single concession to the Palestinians. “This is a turning point in history & rdquor ;, said the Israeli after emphasizing that the agreements show that “In the end it is force that brings peace & rdquor;.
Those who are now more isolated than ever are the Palestinians, who feel once again betrayed by their Arab brothers. His strategy to seek sovereignty by resorting to international institutions and courts has been blocked by strong US opposition to support his demands. And now see how one of his last letters fades, the Arab consensus that had so far prevented normalization with Israel until the occupation ceased. Nothing would have been done in this sense without Saudi acquiescence, which seems to be dictating in the shadows the steps of this realignment.
Despite the alleged horizon of peace opened by the agreements, it is very likely that they will end up accelerating the militarization of the region and they further embitter the conflict with Iran, while devaluing the little credibility that the moderate leaders have at the head of the Ramallah government.