Amy Coney Barrett, a staunch conservative, was nominated by the president of the United States, Donald Trump, to fill the vacancy left by the iconic Ruth Bader Ginsburg on the Supreme Court with the mission of banning abortion.
Your application, which must be ratified by the Senate, It did not take the American public opinion by surprise since his name had already sounded to fill a previous vacancy in 2018 and this time he took center stage again by promising that a woman would fill the position of Ginsburg.
Currently a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, this barely 48-year-old lawyer seems to fit the bill of this Administration: defender of anti-abortion policies, contrary to Obamacare and declared religious.
If she reached the highest court, she would become the youngest member to fill one of his nine lifetime positions
Follower of originalism
Born into a household consisting of a lawyer, Michael Coney, and a homemaker, Linda, Barrett spent her childhood in a suburb of New Orleans and completed St. Mary’s Dominican High School in 1990, run by the Dominican Catholic sisters.
In 1994 he graduated magna cum laude in English literature from the Rhodes College, an institution in Memphis, Tennessee, that highlights its “long history of connections” with the High Court.
“Has followed a career of distinction and professional achievements”Wrote the director of that center, Marjorie Hass, about the former student, in a message sent to the student community regarding Barrett’s possible nomination.
And remembered that now aspiring to the Supreme she was elected to the Hall of Honor and the Student Hall of Fame during her tenure at that institution.
She earned her Juris Doctorate, suma cum laude, from the University of Notre Dame, where she was elected to the Phi Betta Kappa Academic Honor Society and awarded the premio Hoynes, “As the number one student in her class,” according to a post on the university’s website.
In 2002 he joined as a teacher of Law school from old alma mater.
But perhaps one of the experiences that could have marked Barrett’s career was being Secretary to the Supreme Justice Antonin Scalia, having also worked with Judge Laurence H. Silberman, of the US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit.
Deceased in 2016, Scalia was considered the conservative voice of the Supreme Court and defender of the theory of originalism, which seeks to apply the Constitution in the way that is closest to the intention of its authors.
And this seems to be one of the most characteristic features of your legal reflections.
In 2018, as the Chicago Tribune describes, he used centuries-old laws from Great Britain and elsewhere to support his dissent in the case of a Wisconsin subject convicted of being a criminal in possession of a weapon.
“The founding laws did not strip criminals of the right to bear arms simply because of their criminal status,” Barrett wrote, arguing that in 1791, and for more than a century after, “the laws disqualified categories of persons from the right to carry arms only when they judged that doing so was necessary to protect public safety“.
Law over religion
What has undoubtedly been one of the aspects that has generated the most controversy around the figure of Barrett, a mother of seven children, two of them adopted in Haiti and one with Down syndrome, is your membership in the religious community People of Praise.
This group brings together people from different creeds who share the charismatic Christian belief, united by a pact, which, according to the website of that organization, “is done freely and only after a period of discernment of several years.”
As in 2017, when Barrett was seeking ratification in the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, this community has aroused suspicion and even local media have linked it to The Handmaid’s Tale (“The Handmaid’s Tale”), centered on a religious sect that subjugates women.
Barrett, married to the former prosecutor Jesse Barrett, was successful at her confirmation hearing in 2017, in which a question from a Democratic senator about dogma, alluding to religion, and the law was controversial.
“If you ask me if I take my faith seriously and if I am a faithful Catholic, I am, although I would emphasize that my personal church affiliation or my religious belief would not influence the performance of my duties as a judge,” Barrett responded to another senator. Democrat who asked if she considered herself a orthodox catholic.
In the end, Barrett, who was christened by his colleagues during his time at Scalia’s office “The Conenator“(similar to Terminator), playing on her maiden name and her reputation for ending up with shaky arguments, according to local media accounts, she was confirmed for the position.
And those who know her trust her statements: “I take your word that you will try to put in parentheses the points of view you have when deciding cases,” she declared in a interview with the Tribune in 2018 Jay Wexler, a Boston University law professor who worked for Ginsburg.
“He was very, very intelligent. Not at all ideological,” he concluded.
Also in the midst of the dizzying search undertaken by Trump – who already looks to the Supreme Court as a key actor in defining the next November elections – some of Barrett’s pronouncements on abortion and other issues have come under public scrutiny.
She, a recognized critic of the ruling with which the Supreme Court legalized the abortion In 1973, it supported the restrictions on this practice promoted in recent years by ultraconservatives and Republicans, who with the possible new majority in the court now see it possible to reverse the original decision.
Likewise, it has been prone to support the Second Amendment, which protects the right to own and bear arms, and last June he supported, in dissent from his colleagues, the “public charge” rule implemented by the Trump administration that punishes immigrants who are recipients of official aid who aspire to obtain their residence in this country.