“You walk through its streets as if you are in a city. It’s impressive,” the Spanish Egyptologist José Manuel Galán (José Manuel Galán) explained. 20 minutes When asked about the archaeological discoveries that Egypt had announced with great fanfare this Thursday, he was able to visit three weeks ago. They declared that this country/region in Africa became the largest discovery since the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922.
“It’s like Pompeii: it provides a snapshot of life then. They only dug a part of it, but what they find in the next few years will be impressive.”
Director Galán Djehuty project CSIC’s researcher and research professor at the Center for Human and Social Sciences answered the newspaper’s call in Egypt on the way to Luxor and explained his impression of the “lost city” located about 500 kilometers south of Cairo. “This is the area of the production workshop related to the city of Amenhotep III: There is a meat processing plant with an oven, a bakery, a smelter, a sculptor…well preserved, with high walls…”.
The Egyptian scientist José Miguel Parra was also a member of the Djehuty project in the previous campaign It is not “completely a discovery, because the area was partially excavated in 1936” And knowing that it was there “didn’t take it away, making it a spectacular discovery.”
In a country closely related to archaeological heritage like Ejitbo, why is there such a spectacular discovery? “In Egypt, we are used to excavating tombs and temples, but we don’t know much about the city.“Garland said. He said: “These are all built in fertile areas, these areas will eventually be flooded, or will continue to be inhabited and lost in the future. “
Similarly, settlements are separated by neighborhoods as Some “twisted and zigzag walls”, This is surprising, because according to Galán, the Egyptians do more in a straight line.
The comparison with Pompeii is obvious, because the city was quickly abandoned for reasons currently unknown. But like in the Roman city buried by Mount Vesuvius, among the buildings are some huge little treasures:Typical ceramics from the event, some with content, some with date tags, This will allow people to date abandonment,” Galán said.
Why is this city abandoned? Why did Akhenaten, the successor of Amenhotep III, go to Amana? Galán explained: “Amenhotep III changed his palace and maybe escaped the plague.” His successor Akhenaten changed the capital to Amarna. Maybe he also escaped the plague, although he covered it up for religious reasons. The Egyptologist took the risk that there may be a healthy reason not far from the time we live in today.
The fact is that the reason for the abandonment is unclear. “Amenhotep changed his palace, and this settlement must have been built by artisans attracted by court activities,” Parra explained. “Of course, when the Pharaoh moved again, the inhabitants of the settlement followed him., But the reason is unknown”.
How will this discovery change our understanding of ancient Egypt? “We have little certainty, and not yet”, Garland replied that he believed there would be discoveries about city life. He said: “The important thing is to dig it up and keep a record.”
“Currently only good news and photos”Affirmed Parra, who influenced the evaluation of colleagues: “Now is the time to patiently dig and analyze. Maybe, in a few years, we will have new discoveries.”
In any case, Garland warned: “Everything is built into Adobe, the next question will be to keep it Once unearthed”.