Experts from the European Commission have warned the use of d in SpainTourist apartment rental platform used for human trafficking during the Covid-19 pandemic. They pointed out in a report that they warned that the coronavirus crisis is exacerbating human trafficking throughout Europe.
“In Spain, criminals are increasingly using digital platforms such as Airbnb to Rent out apartments where sexual exploitation occurs, Which reduces the ability of law enforcement agencies to detect victims”, warned in the latest annual report of the European Commission’s Expert Group on Action against Trafficking
In any case, they also emphasized the performance of the Spanish Ministry of Equality. Maintain proper structures during the pandemic to support victims of trafficking.
“In Spain, the Ministry of Equality has adopted a contingency plan for gender-based violence caused by the Covid-19 crisis. Specific measures to ensure the protection of the rights of victims of sexual exploitation And trafficking for sexual purposes, as well as providing services and resources to meet their specific needs,”
In general, experts from the European Commission pointed out in their report that the pandemic has It has a “worrisome impact” on human trafficking throughout Europe because it makes the victims “more vulnerable”.
“Frontline NGOs reported that there were delays in officially identifying people as victims of trafficking. Seriously affect their access to safe accommodation, medical treatment and much-needed support, And put them at risk of further abuse,” explained Helga Gayer, Chairman of GRETA.
As a designation, “Traffickers took full advantage of the situation and took advantage of the unstable financial situation of many victims.” In addition, it warned: “Precious resources and delays in the judicial system are hindering efforts to hold traffickers accountable and provide justice and compensation to their victims.”
The tenth general report of GRETA detailed its activities from January 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020. Committed to the impact of Covid-19 in the fight against human trafficking and the impact of identifying victims among asylum seekers.
On the other hand, the GRETA report detects The identification of victims of human trafficking among asylum seekers is increasing. In Norway, according to data from the Immigration Service (UDI), 98 international protection applicants were identified as victims of human trafficking in 2016-2019; according to data from the Swiss National Immigration Service (SEM), a total of them were found in 2014-2017 289 people.
In addition, some countries told GRETA, Victims of trafficking have been identified as refugees or have received other types of international protection.
specific, The report states that in Austria, the number of asylum victims has increased, Most of them are Nigerian women, due to a certain social group; in Cyprus, during the period 2015-2020, 12 people were granted refugee status for being victims of human trafficking; in Norway, 2016-2019 , 55 alleged victims of human trafficking obtained residence permits in accordance with international protection procedures, and 36 of them were confirmed as refugees.
“For the safety of vulnerable asylum seekers, it is essential that trafficked persons must be effectively identified and provided with the support, assistance and protection that they are entitled to under the Council of Europe Anti-Trafficking Convention.” GRETA President.