The former president of Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto (2012-2018) was pointed out by the country’s Attorney General’s Office (FGR) of playing a central role in the Odebrecht case, for which he is accused of the crimes of bribery, treason and electoral crime, reported this Thursday local media.
According to information published by the Mexican newspapers El Universal and Reforma, based on an alleged request for a warrant arrest against Luis Videgaray, former Secretary of Finance and Foreign Affairs, who was returned, the FGR considers that Peña Nieto committed the crimes using Videgaray and also Emilio Lozoya Austin, former director of Pemex.
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Both newspapers indicated that in the request, the Prosecutor’s Office considered that the former Mexican president was “mediate author” of the crimes mentioned and those of an electoral nature.
In addition, Peña Nieto accused that he “departed from the rule of law” and used the position for which he was elected in order to offend.
The agency said that, with his illegal actions, Peña Nieto not only got personal benefit, but rather sought “the benefit of the Odebrecht company, which had already made them the object of bribery, betraying the country with their poor performance.”
According to the newspapers, the Prosecutor’s Office pointed out that Peña Nieto had “his own criminal power apparatus“, from which he implemented a strategy of co-opting legislators for the approval of structural reforms in energy matters and by obtaining money, mainly from the Brazilian construction company Odebrecht, which served to pay bribes to deputies and senators.
“Peña Nieto played a central role in the commission of the crimes of bribery, treason and electoral crime, which can be assumed on the basis of empirical propositions, “said the Prosecutor’s Office. El Universal pointed out that the FGR bases the probable intervention of Peña Nieto, as mediate author, on the so-called” theory of control or dominance of the will by means of an apparatus of organized power. “
According to the theory, the man behind (Peña Nieto) dominated the will of the direct authors of the bribes in the Odebrecht case -Videgaray and Lozoya- through an organized power apparatus, “which in the specific case was the federal government.”
Meanwhile, Reforma said that at the request of Peña Nieto, Videgaray “spontaneously and through interpositories distributed” 121 million 500,000 pesos (about 5.9 million dollars) to legislators of the conservative National Action Party (PAN).
He indicated that the crime of bribery was configured with cash deliveries to politicians from the PAN and the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), while the treason it would have occurred when promoting structural reforms to grant benefits to foreign companies such as Odebrecht.