In Spain, 38% of pregnant women have symptoms of depression and anxiety during childbirth, which is much higher than the general population. As a result, a new study has been concluded that reveals how negative emotional effects are more pronounced in people who do not have the best social support.
During this period blockade after Pandemic, This Frustrated with anxiety They have increased in the total population.in the case of Pregnant womanSo far, there has not been an in-depth study of this effect on mental health.Right now Wallard Hebron University Hospital And its research institute (Very High Infrared) Shows that this negative impact is more pronounced, especially in the case of pregnant women No social support suitable.
In research, published in Scandinavian journal of obstetrics and gynecology,participated 204 pregnant women During your visit to the hospital Between March 27 and May 4, 2020That is, during the confinement period of the first wave of pandemic.
The women answered the questionnaire, which allowed the researchers to measure their depression and anxiety levels and their social support (social interaction and emotional or emotional support). Specifically, they found that 38% of pregnant women had depression symptoms and 59% had anxiety disorders. Other studies conducted during childbirth showed that in the general population, these figures were 18.7 and 21.6%, respectively.
“For pregnant women, the negative emotional impact during childbirth is very serious. This increase may translate into Postpartum depression“This is related to malnutrition and poor health of the offspring, which may interfere with breastfeeding, mother-to-child bonding, the care of infants and other children, and the relationship with their partners,” he explained to SINC. Maia Brik, One of the authors, is currently conducting a national study to understand the prevalence of depression during the pandemic.
This work has thoroughly studied the situation of these women to find factors that increase the risk of these diseases. VHIR’s obstetric services specialist Brik added: “Understanding these reasons can help us consider them in the future and develop strategies to improve the health of patients.”
Worse in early pregnancy, without social support
Experts have found that these symptoms are more common during the first trimester of pregnancy, but not so much during the first trimester. “This may be related to the fact that in these early stages of pregnancy, there is a greater risk of losing a fetus,” Brick said.
On the other hand, research also shows that in pandemic situations, failure to receive social support during pregnancy is related to the development of anxiety and depression. The researchers said: “In pregnant women without social support, the impact is greater, so future social strategies should be considered, such as improving maternal resources, helping to care for the baby or increasing maternity leave.” “During pregnancy, it’s important to determine Vulnerable groups to provide social support measures.”
Same opinion Miguel SandonisAssociate psychiatrist of Val de Hebron’s Perinatal Mental Health Program: “It is very important to implement programs that provide additional social support during pregnancy to reduce anxiety and depression, especially in special situations such as those we live in. .. This will also help reduce stress and the risk of complications or premature birth.”
Regarding pre-existing problems Mental Health, The survey shows that the impact of isolation is small. Emphasizes: “One-third of women have received medication for this reason. In addition, people with this disease may have developed a certain degree of resilience-this can be used as a protective factor against stressful situations such as childbirth. -” The author.
Finally, the research analyzed body mass index Women are in the development of depression or anxiety. As previous studies have pointed out in this regard, an increase in body mass index is associated with an increased risk of depressive symptoms.
Maia Brik et al.: Psychological effects and social support for pregnant women during confinement due to the SARS-CoV2 pandemic: a cohort study. Scandinavian journal of obstetrics and gynecology