Data from more than 100,000 Britons in four years found that there is evidence that professionals in certain industries are more likely to become regular drinkers. These include nightlife and industrial cleaners, driving school teachers, plasterers and senior management staff.
Do waiters drink more easily than dentists? Is bricklayer more likely to be a frequent drinker than a teacher?A new study, the results of which are available in the journal BMC Public Health, Analyze whether there is any relationship between work occupation and excessive alcohol consumption.
The authors are two researchers from the University of Liverpool in the United Kingdom. They pointed out that they found various links between this excessive consumption and certain jobs in the country, although Causality cannot be determined yet.
He said: “Excessive drinking can increase the risk of personal and mental harm. By understanding which occupations are related to excessive drinking, we can better target resources and interventions.” Andrew Thompson, Institute of Translational Medicine And the author of the study.
In order to obtain the data, the experts collected a total of 100,817 participants The age through the UK Biobank is between 40 and 69 years old. From 2006 to 2010, participants must regularly declare the amount of alcohol they drank, expressed in standardized units. In the United Kingdom, the unit of alcohol is defined as 10 milliliters (8 grams) of pure alcohol. In addition, they also collected demographic data from each participant.
When collecting information, they established Two scales In this way, men and women may suffer a high risk of physical and mental harm. Excessive drinking is defined as more than 35 units per week for women and more than 50 units per week for men. Almost one in ten participants (17,907) exceeded the standard and were classified as habitual drinkers.
Of the 353 occupations considered in this study, 77 works indicated that they were related to drinking, while 51 occupations had high alcohol content. Habitual drinker. Most of them are bar owners and business premises managers, industrial cleaning crafts professionals, and sports and leisure assistants. In contrast, the occupations with the lowest percentage of drinkers were clerks, physicists, geologists and meteorologists, doctors and school secretaries.
“These data are supplemented by other data obtained from the 1890s, in which people who regularly and directly work with alcohol (such as bar workers) show the highest mortality rate associated with the substance. At the other end of the range , The clergy also observed the same result. […] Has consistently shown a low associated mortality rate.These results indicate Professional environmentThe study emphasized that it may include certain social and religious beliefs that affect alcohol-related mortality.
Regarding gender differences, Management Position en real estate The prevalence rate is the highest, followed by driving school teachers and Waitress. “As far as women are concerned, the manager category shows the highest proportion of occupations and a high prevalence of excessive drinking. This may be related to Work pressure Or work long hours”, please consider the experts in the study.
The prevalence of high alcohol consumption in women’s occupations
As far as they are concerned, the person with the highest prevalence is Industrial cleaner, Vehicle professional electrician, hostel, Plasterers and workers in the waste and recycling sector.
The author explains: “The observed differences between men and women in the relationship between occupation and excessive drinking may indicate how work environment and gender and other complicating factors affect the relationship with drinking.”
The prevalence of high alcohol consumption in male occupations
Although a high level of drinking has been found between the barkeeper and the barkeeper Specialty store, This trend is more obvious among women. The report states: “One of the most consistent findings in our data is that there are a large number of drinkers in occupations considered to be’professional trade’.”
Although the study has not yet found a causal relationship in the occupation/drinking relationship, its authors believe that it is useful for decision makers to understand which sectors may have the highest rates of excessive drinking.
“Interventions aimed at solving drinking problems in occupations that frequently drink excessively Can benefit the people and the economy Thompson concluded.
Thompson A, Pirmohamed M. “The relationship between occupation and heavy drinking among British adults aged 40-69: a cross-sectional study using UK Biobank”. BMC Public Health (2020)