The Royal Spanish Mathematical Society and the Ramon Areches Foundation have conducted a detailed analysis of the state of mathematics in education, career opportunities, socio-economic impact, communication, gender equality, internationalization and research.
Royal Spanish Mathematical Society (RSME), and Ramon Areches Foundation, Introduced today white paper Mathematics, an extensive analysis, solved the Multiple improvements For the development of science “as the cornerstone of a digital and knowledge society”.
“The reason for this white paper Fundamentally speaking, it is a collective reflection of the science and mathematics society that does not enjoy the science and mathematics society. recognize Francisco Marcellán, the chairman of RSME, clarified that “it deserves the society and the system”.
The document was compiled by more than 60 experts, intervening in various aspects, including education, professional opportunities, socio-economic impact, communication, gender equality, internationalization and research, and introduced the current state of digital science from many aspects. They also put forward 64 improvement suggestions or suggestions along with these problems.
Regarding the mathematics education received by students, the main suggestion is that it is necessary to formalize Education treaty Avoid the detrimental effects of unstable laws and regulations on student learning.
The book points out that, currently, the Spanish education system is based on teaching a wide range of knowledge Difficult to acquire real skills mathematics. These are based on thinking, reasoning and problem solving. David Martín, the second vice president of RSME, warned: “It may be the wrong way to do some mechanical learning of mathematics without giving students the ability to make decisions on their own.”
The report also made it clear that all students should be supported, not more students. difficult And give those who have special abilities. To this end, they warned that the lack of well-trained teachers “due to the wide range of professional opportunities in non-academic fields, these fields not only get higher pay, but also open up a more active vision for promotion.”
Experts believe: “It will be convenient to implement the plan so that students with a degree in mathematics will regard middle school teaching as an attractive profession with added social value.
“Social recognition of teachers is necessary. Many teacher positions are being Graduates of other degrees“, emphasizing the second vice chairman of the Mathematical Society.
“You have to motivate students to learn mathematics. When talking about Pandemic growth curveOr how many cakes you still have to eat, this is talking about mathematics. It can help understanding,” added Francisco Marcellán, the company’s president.
Quickly enter the market
According to the professional opportunities of those who choose the branch, a survey of mathematics graduates was conducted. The results of the survey included white paper The estimated activity rate is 87.7%, the unemployment rate is 7.5%, and the unemployment rate Less than half 16% of the total population (16.53%).
In addition, it refers to the rapid integration of mathematicians into the labor market, because two years after completing their studies, the unemployment rate is only 4.4%.It also highlights average salary Annual income is between 20,000 and 29,000 euros, and stable contracts account for 61.7% of the respondents.
Divided by department, the area occupied by most respondents is University research (27.7%), Pre-university education (16.1%) and consultation service (15.6%). Those responsible for the documents pointed out that mathematical activities have contributed 630,000 jobs to the Spanish economy in total.
According to research, regarding gender differences, the mathematics community is worried that women cannot fully integrate into the labor market. This is “the loss of female mathematics talents and should be addressed urgently.”
They believe that even though they have achieved better academic results, “they mistakenly believe They are not as good as male companions, Mainly because of social stereotypes.”
As in other fields of science, experts point out any temporary shutdowns due to the following reasons Mediation Or pregnant This is an obstacle to proportion and future continuity.
In the research section, white paper It affects the difficulties that mathematicians may encounter foreign Visit University Faculty Training Contract (FPU) and Researcher Training Contract (FPI). Possible factors for this situation include: excessive bureaucracy, limited scope or lack of regularity to promote these contracts, and so on.
Even so, those responsible for reporting still felt a significant improvement in the number of citations of Spanish publications and the level of journals in which they appeared.
“We must be eager to improve teaching. We have obtained a commitment to place Spanish mathematics at the top international level”, encourages Marcellán. “Among the 100 best mathematics universities in the world, Three are spanishHe pointed out: “The Autonomous University of Madrid, the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and the University of Granada”.
“We must overcome the ancient separation between scientific culture and humanistic culture. Basically, this is just to ensure that citizens have autonomy and Have their own standardsRSME Chairman Francisco Marcellán believes.
The leader in turn emphasized: “The important thing is that the responsible person must know the conclusion. Public administrationHe concluded: “Politics, politics and society must be jointly decided by political agents, foundations and the private sector.”