The offensive launched after the attacks of 9/11 2001 caused the worst mass exile since World War II, according to a report from Brown University.
The “global war on terror” launched after the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States has left at least 37 million displaced in the world, the largest exile due to conflict since the beginning of the 20th century except for World War II. The data comes from a report published Tuesday by Brown University.
The highest number of displaced people has been in Iraq (9.2 million), Syria (7.1 million) and Afghanistan (5.3 million), followed by Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia, Libya and the Philippines, whose displacement as a result of This war against Islamist terrorism has been mostly internal.
The report considers that the actual number of displaced persons, both internally and those seeking asylum in another country, could be between 48 and 59 million people, the vast majority civilians who have seen their homes, businesses and their environment disintegrate into countries that have chained almost two decades of conflict.
Researchers estimate that some 25.3 million displaced persons have returned, although that is not enough to erase the trauma of forced exile and does not mean that the returnees have returned to a life in safety or in their initial conditions.
Several million more could have also been displaced in other smaller or specific conflicts within the counterterrorist operations initiated by George W. Bush and maintained and even expanded by his successor Barack Obama in Mali, Niger, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Chad, Central African Republic , Cameroon, Burkina Faso or the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The airliner attack on the Twin Towers in New York, the Pentagon and the downing of Flight 93 in Pennsylvania on September 11 unleashed a series of wars to catch those responsible that led to the end of Taliban rule in Afghanistan, but whose Initial objectives faded over time and especially with the false justification for invading Iraq in 2003.
With the arrival to the presidency in 2009, Barack Obama maintained the global war on terrorism, expanded drone strikes in Yemen or Somalia and intensified the deployment to Afghanistan, ending with the transfer of security control to Kabul in 2014.
In countries like Somalia, the diffuse war against those responsible for the deaths of more than 3,000 people on 9/11 displaced around 46% of the population, while in Syria, Yemen or Libya it led to instability and the respective civil wars that still persist.
The authors of the report “The Cost of War” say that it is the first time that the number of refugees from the war on terrorism has been quantified, which has been presented a few days after a new anniversary of 9/11 is commemorated.
During the presidencies of Bush and Obama, the United States gave asylum to thousands of refugees created by this conflict, although that protection for displaced persons has been progressively denied by the administration of President Donald Trump.
Although the United States is not the only cause of migration from these countries, the authors of the report consider that the country has played a key role in the conflict.