The veto of Hungary and Poland tense the summit of EU leaders

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The initial goal of the virtual summit who celebrate this Thursday from six in the afternoon the leaders of the European Union was to do only balance sheet of the coronavirus pandemic. Poland and Hungary’s veto of the 1.8 trillion euro bazooka, which forms the recovery plan and the 2021-2027 budget framework In protest of the mechanism that links European funds to respect for the rule of law, it has disrupted plans and forced to reopen a discussion that the vast majority considered closed. The chances of finding a solution this Thursday are nil and the concern about paralysis in the arrival of European aid and the derives in which Warsaw and Budapest have embarked.

“In Brussels today you only see the countries that let in the immigrants as those who are governed by the rule of law. Those who protect their borders They are not considered as countries where the rule of law prevails, “the Hungarian Prime Minister attacked in a statement on Wednesday. Viktor Orbán. “Any new procedure aimed at penalizing member states should only be introduced with a unanimous amendment to the treaties,” he warned in a pulse shared by his Polish colleague, Matesuz Morawiecki. “We sail against the mainstream in Brussels that has a specific vision of the EU”, and “we say a strong ‘yes’ to the EU but a strong ‘no’ to the mechanisms that punish us like children and treat Poland and others member states unevenly, “added the Pole shortly after before his parliaments.

Both capitals have had a last-minute ally: Slovenia. Your Prime Minister, Janez Janša, -the same one who initially declared Trump the winner in a US presidential election that he did not win- has sent a letter to the presidents of the European institutions supporting the thesis of Warsaw and Budapest that the political agreement closed a few weeks ago between the presidency Germany from the EU and the European Parliament, on the new conditionality, goes against the pact closed at the European Council at the end of July insisting that only an independent judicial body can say what the rule of law is and not political decisions adopted by a most.

His representative, however, did not vote against the mechanism at the meeting of EU ambassadors last Monday – which obtained a sufficient qualified majority to continue the process – nor did he announce his intention to block the decision on own resources, necessary for the European Commission to issue debt with which to finance the recovery fund, and which Warsaw and Budapest have taken hostage.

Explanations of Orbán and Morawiecki

Faced with this mined terrain, this Thursday’s virtual meeting is presented as the perfect occasion to ask explanations Orbán and Morawiecki and start looking for the exit door to this new mess. “I do not think that the Council has to make a proposal, not even the current German presidency of the EU at this time. You have to ask the two capitals to explain what is your real problem because it is quite difficult to be against the procedures of the Treaty, “points out a diplomat from northern Europe.” Mr. Orbán has to consider whether he wants to continue maintaining this pulse for ideological reasons. His latest statement (on immigration) are beginning to be very funny, “reproaches another diplomat who has followed the budget negotiations from the kitchen.

“One begins to be tired that after so much effort to incorporate the needs of each other, each object of dissent becomes what we can do for that country that, by the way, it is always the same one that generates problems in all issues“He adds, warning that blocking the July agreement will have consequences.” It is Hungary and Poland who created the problem and it is Hungary and Poland who have to solve it, “insists the same voice. The reality is that after many months of negotiations There is a political agreement to link the disbursement of aid to respect for the rule of law and “it is the red line we have,” other sources point out about a mechanism that the European Parliament has also said loud and clear that it does not intend to modify. “We will not make new concessions,” the conference of presidents, which represents all political groups, warned on Wednesday.

In search of alternatives

In Brussels and Berlin meanwhile they have started to work on possible alternatives and options to prevent the great pandemic fund so badly needed by some countries, including Poland and Hungary, from blowing up and blocking the next EU budget. Among them, from a political declaration that offers some type of guarantee to the two countries to a more nuclear option such as removing the recovery and resilience mechanism from the recovery fund and launching it through an intergovernmental agreement that does not require the approval of the 27 .

The French Secretary of State, Clement Beauneconfirmed on Wednesday that the EU seeks “practical solutions“To solve the problem that could go through” technical clarifications “but if necessary and” as a last resort “they do not rule out the nuclear option of separating the recovery mechanism.” If necessary, we will examine as a last resort how to move forward without the blocking countries. why Europe cannot be held hostage by a number of governments that do not want to advance or respect the essential link of our political project, “he warned the French Senate.

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