The Donald Trump administration began the process more than a year ago, a decision that further isolates the country on the global stage.
The United States officially abandoned the Paris Agreement on Wednesday, a global pact forged five years ago to avoid the threat of catastrophic climate change.
The decision, with which the president of the United States, Donald Trump, had threatened for a long time, and that his administration began a year ago, further isolates Washington from the worldBut it has no immediate effect on international efforts to combat global warming.
While Trump’s rhetoric against the climate pact began as soon as he assumed the presidency, in January 2016, the process to officially abandon it was delayed due to United Nations regulations. The Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, presented the corresponding documentation on November 4, 2019, the first business day to start managing the exit.
On several occasions, Trump has criticized the agreement harshly, calling it a strategy “kill jobs”, which would also serve to “punish Americans and enrich other foreign countries.”
Strictly speaking, the Paris Agreement does not oblige any government to do anything. At its core, it is a multi-country commitment to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, with the goal of reducing global warming.
Former US president, Barack Obama, had pledged that, by 2025, the country would lower the level of emissions it had in 2005 by 28%. That period has already been discarded, since Trump decided not to go ahead with that policy.
About 189 countries remain committed to the Paris Agreement, of 2015, which aims to limit the global average temperature rise to “well below” 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), ideally to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) compared with the pre-industrial era.
Six other countries have signed, but they have not ratified the agreement.
Scientists point out that any increase in temperature above 2 degrees Celsius could have a devastating impact over much of the world as sea levels rise, aggravate tropical storms, and worsen droughts and floods.
The Paris Agreement requires countries to set their own goals for reduce greenhouse gases, like carbon dioxide. The only binding requirement is that countries must accurately report their efforts.
The United States is the world’s second largest emitter of greenhouse gases, behind China, and its contribution in reducing emissions is considered important, although not the only relevant one.
In recent weeks, China, Japan and South Korea have joined the European Union and other countries in setting national deadlines to stop emitting greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
If the United States does not participate, it will be more difficult for the rest of the world to achieve the objectives set.
Although the Trump administration has rejected federal measures to cut emissions, several US states, cities and businesses have pushed forward with their efforts.
It should also be clarified that leaving the United States does not mean that you cannot re-enter. Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden has said that if he wins the election, America will rejoin to the Paris Agreement on the first day of his government.
In formal terms, this means that on that day, they will send a letter to the UN notifying it that the United States wants to rejoin the pact. From there, you would have to wait 30 days before being able to do it officially.