The US government also promised “consequences” for any member country that does not comply with the penalties. What did Russia, Germany, France and England say?
The United States unilaterally proclaimed this Saturday that the sanctions of United Nations (UN) Against Iran they came back into force and promised to punish those who violate them, a measure that runs the risk of increasing its isolation but also international tensions.
“Today the United States welcomes the return of virtually all UN sanctions previously raised to the Islamic Republic of Iran, “the secretary of state said in a statement, Mike Pompeo, reported AFP.
According to the head of US diplomacy, the measures “were back in force” as of 8:00 pm Washington time (00:00 GMT on Sunday), although positions in the UN Security Council are contrary to this. decision.
The administration of President Donald Trump also promised “impose consequences” to any UN member state that does not comply with the sanctions, despite being one of the only countries in the world that believes they are in force.
The concrete threat is that countries that Washington considers to be challenging this position they will be denied access to the financial system and US markets, which heralds an escalation of tensions with several countries.
“If UN member states fail to meet their obligations to enforce these sanctions, the United States is willing to use our national authorities to impose consequences for those breaches and ensure that Iran does not profit from UN-prohibited activity,” he stated Pompeo.
Trump, who is seeking re-election in the November 3 elections, is expected to unveil those measures during his speech at the UN General Assembly scheduled for next Tuesday.
Washington is practically alone: The other great powers, Russia, China, but also the European allies of the Americans, question this position of the United States.
“Any decision or action taken with a view to reimposing (the sanctions) would be incapable of having legal effect,” France, Britain and Germany said in a joint letter sent to the Security Council yesterday.
From Iran, Foreign Minister Mohamad Javad Zarif said that the Americans “they realize it is a false statement”.
In mid-August, the Trump administration suffered a resounding setback at the UN Security Council in its attempt to extend the conventional arms embargo against Tehran, which expires in October.
Accusing in an attack of rare violence on France, the United Kingdom and Germany of having “chosen to align with the ayatollahs” in power in the Islamic Republic, Mike Pompeo unleashed on August 20 a controversial procedure, dubbed “snapback”, and that he supposed it would make it possible to restore all UN sanctions against Iran a month later.
Sanctions were lifted in 2015, when Tehran undertook, in the framework of an international agreement, not to acquire nuclear weapons, and then the United States denounced that agreement and withdrew.
Now, in a legal pirouette, the United States invokes its condition as a “participant” country in the pact that it resoundingly abandoned with the sole objective of activating the “snapback.”
Almost all the other member countries of the Security Council challenge Washington’s ability to avail itself of this condition and have therefore not followed its approach.
For its part, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia it condemned the US statement, and said Washington’s statements lacked legal authority.