Evo Morales crossed the border between Argentina Y Bolivia to start a two-day triumphal caravan that will take you to Chimore. He will step on the ground again in that town in the Cochabamba region a year after being overthrown and getting on a plane bound for Mexico there. “I was sure he was coming back, I didn’t think so soon “he said before leaving the Argentine city of La Quiaca to cross the border and enter the Bolivian city of Villazón. The overwhelming electoral triumph of Luis Arce created the conditions for their return. The legal cases against him have become dead paper. His declared enemies, including the former Interior Minister of the outgoing de facto government, Arturo Murillo, will now have to answer in court for their actions. But before that happens, Morales and whoever was his vice president, Alvaro Garcia Linera, will cross part of Bolivia accompanied by leaders of the Movement to Socialism (MAS). The caravan will stop at different points to repeat the victory ritual.
The Argentine President, Alberto Fernandez, he fired them on the international bridge. “The people are not wrong and have gone to the polls to vindicate Evo’s project,” he told them before embracing them. Villazón belongs to the Potosí region. A crowd turned into the streets at the time of the entrance of the ex-president. The slogan “we came back “ it was read in several of its streets. “Evo, Villazón welcomes you,” read a sign at the town hall. There were dances and music. Balloons and banners.
I am very grateful to the Bolivian people for receiving me with such affection. pic.twitter.com/Ba0bJYPcu7
– Evo Morales Ayma (@evoespueblo) November 9, 2020
The new challenges
Morales faced a coup in November 2019 after forcing a new reelection. The MAS has now regained power without resorting to the candidacy of its exiled leader. The binomial that make up Arce and David Choquehuanca it has allowed the attempt at conservative political restoration to be left behind. The former leader of the coca growers has had a lot to do with the design of the electoral strategy. He will find a Bolivia very different from the one he had to abandon on the run. Arce and Choquehuanca have received a complex inheritance. “The new time means listening to the message of our peoples that comes from the bottom of their hearts, it means heal wounds, look at each other with respect“said the vice president during the inauguration. The newspaper ‘El Deber’, from Santa Cruz, the region most hostile to the MAS, described that message as” hopeful “. But both Morales and Arce know that at any moment the conflict.
An opposition sector has not yet been able to digest the electoral defeat. The Santa Cruz Luis Camacho, who played a leading role in the conspiracy against Evo in 2019, has not yet recognized Arce’s triumph with the same arguments he uses Donald Trump in United States. The great challenge of the new government is to isolate the radical groups. It is not the only front for potential storms in the making. The military they played a star role in the overthrow of Morales. The incoming government must now guarantee the subordination of some high-ranking officials associated with the de facto government. As if that were not enough, Arce receives a cracked economy. Expectations for changes are high. The possibilities of carrying them out immediately, limited. It remains to be seen what role Morales plays to contain an eventual unrest at the rank and file. At the moment, Arce hopes that he will maintain a low profile.