Adolfo García-Sastre is chief of emerging pathogens at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York. Burgos, 56, has offered an interview to The countryin which he is optimistic about the future of the coronavirus pandemic, thanks to the vaccine.

García-Sastre believes that most of the vaccines that are in phase 3 will be “effective”. “What will vary is the speed and available doses in a short period of time. There will also be differences in effectiveness, but that at first will be very difficult to know,” explains the doctor.

“I think that most of the ones that are going to be approved are going to lead to some efficacy and I also hope that they do not cause many adverse effects,” he adds. “Although anyone will have them, the key is that there is less risk in putting it on than in becoming infected with the virus. Once we have it, another thing we do not know is how long the immunization will last “he says in the interview with The country.

Regarding the deadlines, García-Sastre says that “the most optimistic predictions say that we are all going to get vaccinated before the end of the year. I don’t think that’s possible. Except for disaster, the most normal thing is that he starts getting vaccinated people en masse in the middle of next year. This does not mean that no one has been vaccinated before. Immunizing certain groups at the beginning will help to better control the pandemic little by little, “he says.

About the current second wave, Dr. García-Sastre who believes that there are three pillars to contain the outbreaks: “Rapid diagnosis, contact tracing and isolation and personal responsibility to reduce them. The fewer contacts, the smaller the groups, the fewer closed spaces we frequent, the better“, dice.

For García-Sastre, the great unknown that surrounds the virus is “how the disease can be stopped once it has high severity. At that time, the presence of the virus is no longer very great, so that if antivirals are used they have less impact than when taken early, before you have very severe symptoms. And we don’t know how to fight the virus at that time. “