The keys to the political crisis in Venezuela, from A to Z

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The legislative elections called by Nicolás Maduro for December further divide a society at odds between Chavistas and anti-Chavistas.

The legislative elections that the government of Nicolás Maduro wants to hold in December in Venezuela gave rise to strategies and events as disparate as they were surprising, both on the part of the regime, which seeks for the ruling party to regain Parliament after losing it in 2015, and on the part of the opposition that refuses to participate in the elections considering them “a fraud”.

Here, some keys from A to Z of the political environment ahead of the December 6 elections.

A, abstention: If any election in Venezuela registers a high percentage of abstention, it is expected that in the next legislative elections there will be a record, since if there is no postponement, as some ask, many dissident voters will not have leaders to vote for.

B, bond: The Venezuelan government is accustomed to citizens receiving bonuses in the form of basic products or subsidies, although they do not always arrive, but in recent months they have increased in proportion to the proximity of the elections.

C, query: The opposition led by Juan Guaidó intends to hold a popular consultation – for the moment, without a date or formula – that seeks, among other issues, support to reject the elections to Parliament.

D, division: While Guaidó proclaims “unity” within the opposition, other anti-Chavista voices confront him by creating a schism between his followers and those of the two-time presidential candidate, Henrique Capriles, whose path is totally opposite.

And from United States: The role played by the government of Washington in the Caribbean country, with harsh sanctions on the Chavista regime, is crucial in the campaign speech of Nicolás Maduro, who blames Donald Trump for Venezuela’s ills, without acknowledging any failure in its management.

F, of fraud: It is the most repeated word within the opposition led by Juan Guaidó to refer to the legislative elections, which he will not run for considering them fraudulent.

G, gasoline: With or without elections, the fuel shortage is one of the problems that punishes the country the most, as it is limited both in the transport of people and goods for supply or institutions. Now, it serves as a field throwing weapon.

H, of hospitals: Another of the great differences between the government and the opposition is Public Health, so that coinciding the pandemic with the electoral campaign, hospitals are used as a reason for dispute: for the ruling party, they are fully equipped and supplied, while opponents denounce, even , the lack of water.

I, of pardons: the magic word that revolutionized the country two weeks ago, when Maduro decided to grant grace measures to 110 people, including 50 prisoners who were released and another 60 citizens who received dismissal of cases or lifting of punishments. For the opposition, it is a propaganda element.

J, for justice: The demands for justice by the opposition and the international community became a slogan after the Supreme Court of Justice (TSJ), made up of magistrates close to Chavismo, intervened the boards of directors of the three strongest opposition parties. In the case of Primero Justicia, the disqualification was lifted almost two months later.

K, the Kim Jong-un: The North Korean leader and faithful friend of the Caracas government unconditionally supports Maduro. Pyongyang, like Iran and China, is a staunch defender of the Venezuelan president, whose management he praises every time he has the opportunity, and also of the call for elections.

L for leadership: A little over a year and a half ago, some 50 countries supported Guaidó and recognized him as president. Today, when it is unknown whether these nations continue to trust the president of Parliament, Venezuelans make their disappointment public and debate about the legislator’s real leadership and his management as an opponent.

M, from media (of communication): independent journalists, not aligned with the government or the opposition, are the target of criticism without arguments, both from one side and the other, if what is published, even if it is documented and with solid sources, is not is consistent with your electoral interests. Arrests and indictments are the order of the day.

N, negotiation: The government and the opposition tried, on various occasions, to negotiate through the supposed dialogue to get Venezuela out of the crisis, but everything came to nothing, while the country continues to wait for a solution to problems that accumulate day after day while, far from of pacts, only crosses of accusations are perceived.


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