If you lived with the impression that the situation of the health system in Romania seems disastrous only in theory, a new report of the Court of Accounts confirms the reality.
Many coronavirus patients in Romania do their best to stay home for treatment, for fear of additional illnesses that could leave the hospital. While medical salaries have skyrocketed in recent years, many major hospitals are in disrepair. Moreover, there is no more money for treatments, free beds and more.
The worrying situation of the Romanian health system was not caused by the pandemic. At best, this reality has become a bit more publicized in the last six months, but that’s about it. Instead, what is happening now in hospitals is a consequence of second-class mathematics.
In Romania there are significantly fewer taxpayers to the state budget for health compared to those who benefit from it for free. This deficit between the two values has been around for about 10 years, and until recently it was covered with money from the state budget.
Unfortunately, the same budget tried to cover the salary increases of doctors and to compensate for the aging population. Unfortunately, the number of those active in the labor market is decreasing. At the same time, the growing number of pensioners is exacerbating the discrepancy mentioned above.
Occasionally, Romania spends about 1,200 euros per year on the health of a resident, the lowest amount for a country within the European Union. The reason behind it is that only 6 million Romanians contribute to the system, while another 12 million benefit from services without paying. In addition, substantial salary increases are now being paid from the health fund. All these things, plus many others, make the system underfunded and the medical act of poor quality, shows a report by the Court of Auditors.
According to estimates from the same document available above, Romania’s future is even more worrying. By 2025, if the current trend is maintained, the population over 65 will reach 21.5% of all Romanians. At the same time, the young population is constantly declining, both due to low birth rates and accelerated migration.