The lawsuit against the winning camp, the return of Laurent Gbagbo, and the assistance to the victims… Ten years after the post-election crisis, certain signs give people hope that they will begin to hope.
The silence of lead dominates the grand court of the Abidjan courthouse. On the flat screen that faces the public, the photos and videos of the victims of the Duékoué massacre are not filtered or blurred. The Red Cross estimates that from March 28 to 29, 2011, more than 800 people died in this small town in western Côte d’Ivoire. “I photographed the 266 bodies I saw”An anonymous witness commented that he spoke on the sixth day of Amadé Ouérémi’s trial on Wednesday, April 7.
The militia leader, who is an auxiliary of the current President Alassane Ouattara’s camp, which killed more than 3,000 people in Côte d’Ivoire in 2010 and 2011 during the post-election crisis. Arrested in 2013, he has been on trial. Since March 24, they have been subjected to “mass assassination, rape, inhuman and degrading treatment” in Duékoué. The former planter claimed to have arrived there the day after the massacre to defend himself.He accused his superiors-Colonel Losseni Fofana (alias “Loss”) and Lieutenant Coulibaly de Kouible, known as “Coul”, is the origin of the attack.
Facing the photo of the lifeless body, Joël Olivier Blé burst into tears and opened the court. The man was hit by a machete and bullet in the back, and he walked with a cane. He lost his family in a murder in the Carrefour area. The killing was aimed at the Guares and was beneficial to former President Laurent Gbagbo.Although shocked, looking back at the images of the Holocaust ” necessary”, He says: “You have to go back in time to judge it, so that one day the country will be at peace.”
Bringing together the opposition during the post-election crisis is one of them “priority” administration staff. However, ten years after Alassane Ouattara came to power, the process started to slow. Since he was the first to fight the winning camp, the trial of Amadé Ouérémi could be a violation. Although many hope so, others pointed out that several soldiers involved in the violence benefited from an amnesty decree signed by the president in 2018. Vaerimi was not the only responsible person, he obeyed other leaders. Will this trial really expose the real culprit? “, Ask Willy Neth, chairman of the Lidho League for Human Rights in Côte d’Ivoire.
Despite these doubts, the time to soothe the memory seems ripe. Despite the criticism, the Ministry of National Reconciliation was established in December 2020 and is led by Kouadio Konan Bertin. Kouadio Konan Bertin is the only opponent to compete with Alassane Ouattara in the October presidential election. The legislative elections in March were held peacefully. Now that representatives of all parties have participated in the National Assembly, political dialogue can be resumed upon returning to the country of Laurent Gbagbo. Laurent Gbagbo finally He was acquitted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) on March 31.
The former president is now “He is free to return when he wants”, Ouattara said on April 7 and added that the government will continue“provide assistance” Tribute to the victims of the 2011 crisis and their families. “We feel that those in power want to normalize the situation. Everyone’s tone is calmer and the changes are obvious. As long as they get to the end!”, Arsène Brice Bado, deputy director of the Hope Peace and Peace Research and Action Center (Cerap). Several opponents and members of civil society are still in prison or exile, especially since the last presidential election. “Their release will be a powerful gesture in Jing’s current logic”, Trust the political scientist Sylvain N’Guessan.
At the same time, the International Criminal Court Victims Trust Fund will launch an assistance program in April, providing 800,000 euros over three years, aimed at reconciling communities. A trivial budget will not compensate war victims, but will be used to provide material, physical and psychological assistance to the victims of the thirteen symbolic massacres confirmed as war crimes-it happened twice in 2002 and in 2010 -It happened eleven times in 2011.
One of the challenges will be to dig out the corpses buried in a mass grave in a hurry like Duékoué. “There are still mass graves in the atrocities area. It is impossible to think that reconstruction can be carried out without repairs, burials and official approval of what happened.” According to estimates by Aude Le Goff, a victim of Côte d’Ivoire who is in charge of the fund’s plan.
In this case, members of civil society believe that the government has an opportunity to send a very strong signal. It also requires legal proceedings on the two sides of the defeated and the victor in order to make the truth clear. As for the International Criminal Court, it is still investigating the two refugee camps. “We have entered an important period that will consolidate or weaken peace, Summarized Arsène Brice Bado. The government has a keen interest in not missing the turning point of the reconciliation. “