A study carried out by professionals from the Hospital Clínico San Carlos de Madrid in 1,177 patients with positive CRP of Covid-19, all of them health professionals who did not need hospital admission, has revealed that the main symptoms of the disease are fatigue, fever, cough, muscle aches and headaches in both sexes and in all age groups studied.
It is study is the most comprehensive carried out to date on patients with mild or moderate symptoms without hospital admission and has recently been published as a letter to the editor in the international journal Journal of Infection. A survey was conducted on clinical and epidemiological manifestations presented by 1,177 health science professionals with COVID-19 and mild or moderate symptoms, of which 62.2 percent are doctors, 29 percent are nurses and the rest are professionals. from other categories, with a mean age of 41.7 years.
“The study reveals that, in all age groups And in both men and women, the five most common symptoms are fatigue (74.6%), fever (71.5%), cough (70.3%), muscle aches (69.8%) and pain in head (69.2%) “, details the ophthalmologist of the San Carlos Clinical Hospital and author of the study, Pedro Arriola Villalobos, who also adds” that a high incidence of alterations in smell and taste was found, which seem to be predictors, according to other published studies, of mild cases of COVID-19 and of good evolution “.
Fatigue in women; fever in men
Each patient experienced an average of seven to eight symptoms. The most frequent symptoms were similar to those described in patients hospitalized, while others such as muscle aches, headaches, nasal congestion, sore throat, diarrhea or dizziness appeared more frequently in patients who did not need hospital admission.
These most common symptoms varied based on sex. Thus, in women, the main symptom was fatigue (76.4%) above headache (72.5%) and fever (71.5%); while among men the most frequent symptoms were fever (78.5%), muscle aches (71.9%), and fatigue and cough, both with 69.7%.
On the other hand, a different incidence of some symptoms was found depending on sex. Some symptoms were more frequent among women such as nasal congestion (52.3% by 37.7% in men), sore throat (50.3% by 37.1%); diarrhea (46.1% by 35.8%); loss of taste (37.8% by 25.2%) or nausea (24.7% by 9.4) and others such as stabbing pain in the chest, breathing difficulties, abdominal pain and dizziness are also more frequent in women. women than men.
In all the age groups the same symptoms predominate: fatigue, fever, cough, muscle aches and headache; Although in those over 60 years of age, fever stands out as the majority symptom since it was reported by 82.9 percent of the patients, while among those under 30 years it fell to 62.9 percent. On the contrary, headache manifests itself mainly in patients under 40 years of age (73.3%) compared to those over 60 years of age (58.3%).
Something similar occurs with other symptoms such as loss of smell, more frequent among young patients (62.8% under 40 years old) than among those over 60 years old: 41.7 percent; nasal congestion: 56.8 percent among young patients by 36.1 percent among those over 60 years; loss of taste, present in 43.5 percent of patients under 30 and only 23.6 percent of those over 60; and dizziness, which occurred in 33.5 percent of young people by 47.2 percent of those over 60 years of age.