The EU does not seem ready to play the same game as Hungary and Poland, with the Slovenian company, albeit in the background. The block to the 2021-2027 Budget is maintained, and therefore recovery funds are also vetoed, of which Spain has 140,000 million. All because they do not want it to be linked to compliance with the rule of law. There is some urgency And that is why Brussels is already looking for alternatives and some of them are swarming in community settings. For now, at the last European Council summit held a few days ago, the issue was not discussed in depth because the leaders prefer that it be addressed in a face-to-face meeting, preferably in December.
Meanwhile, the clock ticks, and the exits begin to appear. “If the lockdown continues, the recovery fund could be agreed within the framework of an intergovernmental agreement or enhanced cooperation according to EU rules “, comment sources consulted by 20minutos. This would be done, yes, “leaving out Hungary and Poland.” It must be clarified, however, that the rule of law mechanism would continue to apply to both, since it encompasses other elements and not only the fund or the Multiannual Financial Framework.
This would be a problem for both governments, for the mere fact that Poland would receive 63,838 million euros, only surpassed by Italy and Spain. Hungary, on the other hand, is just over 6,000. Viktor Orbán has already said that he does not need that money, but he does it with a small mouth. In times of pandemic, all help is little.
How, in any case, do both options work? The first idea would be to include the Recovery and Resilience Fund (672.5 billion), which is the main program of the NexGenerationEU plan, in an intergovernmental agreement (as was done with the ESM) outside the EU Budget. This would put Hungary and Poland out of the cast but remain subject to the mechanism of the rule of law, as this is contemplated both in the extended MFF and in the rest of the elements. The intergovernmental pact, on the other hand, would have some risks. Among them, that the debt would have to be issued by the Member States themselves.
On the other hand, enhanced cooperation is a procedure somewhat less associated with economic issues. It allows a minimum of nine EU countries establish advanced integration or cooperation in one area of European structures without the participation of the other countries of the Union. “In this way, they can progress according to rhythms or objectives different from those established for those who do not participate in the enhanced cooperation.”
This process, in fact, “is designed to overcome paralysis, when a proposal is blocked by a single country or a small group of countries that do not want to participate in the initiative. “It is always open to other States joining. However, it does not allow an extension of powers beyond those contained in European treaties. Authorization to proceed with enhanced cooperation is granted by the Council, on a proposal from the Commission and after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament.
The remote possibility of Article 7. Chimerical, in any case, also remains in force. It has no more route because it demands unanimity (except for the state proposed for sanction) and “they will always protect each other,” according to the sources.