Borrell reminds Washington that it cannot reimpose UN sanctions because it withdrew from the pact in 2018
The European Union rejected the announcement by the Donald Trump Administration that it is unilaterally reimposing the United Nations sanctions on Iran that were withdrawn as a result of the nuclear agreement. The High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, Josep Borrell, tried to stop this Sunday the pirouette that the United States intends to carry out, which seeks to invoke its condition as a country participating in the pact to impose a stronger hand against Tehran. In a statement, Borrell recalled that Washington got up from the table on its own in 2018, so it cannot be considered to be part of the agreement.
The differences between Washington and Brussels over relations with Tehran surfaced again this weekend. The EU is holding on like a burning nail to the nuclear deal, under which it wants Iran to stand. For this reason, he once again marked distances with respect to Trump’s sanctions policy. Borrell stated that he was “taking note” of the announcement by the United States to appeal to the so-called “reversal mechanism” to consider the international sanctions that were lifted after the signing of the agreement in force. However, he also made it clear that the EU does not take that decision.
Borrell first reminded the United States that on May 8, 2018, he decided to withdraw through a presidential memorandum of the agreement, and that since Dentex “he has not participated” in any of the activities of that pact. “It cannot, therefore, be considered a participating State in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and cannot initiate the process of reinstating United Nations sanctions under resolution 2231,” added the head of European diplomacy. The JCPOA was signed in July 2015 in Vienna by the US, Iran, Russia, China, France, the UK and Germany.
Washington’s latest desperate move comes 10 days before the arms embargo imposed on Iran since 2015 ends next October. In mid-August, he sought to get the United Nations Security Council to extend the embargo indefinitely, but failed. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo reported Saturday night that the US was reinstating “virtually all previously lifted UN sanctions against the Islamic Republic of Iran.” Pompeo warned the organization’s member states that if they do not implement sanctions on Iran, Washington was prepared “to use its own tools to punish these failures” and promised that measures against “those who violate the sanctions will be announced in the coming days. from the ONU”.
Despite the threats from the US, the EU plans to continue working so that the plan does not die. “As coordinator of the JCPOA monitoring commission I will continue to do everything when possible to ensure its preservation and full implementation by all,” added Borrell. The High Representative also recalled that the nuclear agreement continues to be a “key pillar” of the international architecture for nuclear non-proliferation, since addressing the Iranian nuclear program in a comprehensive manner has contributed to “regional and global security” . “I call on everyone to do everything possible to preserve the agreement and to refrain from any action that may be perceived as an escalation in the current situation.”