If the judge is approved by the senators, the highest US court will have a large conservative majority (6 to 3).
El presidente Donald Trump nominated judge Amy Coney Barret to succeed in the Supreme Court Ruth Bader Ginsburg, popularly known as “RGB”, a feminist and progressivism icon who died of cancer at the age of 87 and who always leaned in favor of equality between men and women, the defense of the rights of the LGBT community, abortion and the limit to arms. Barret, who now faces confirmation in the Senate, is precisely the other side of Ginsburg and, beyond the personalities, this relay would have a huge impact in the United States.
If the judge is approved by the senators – it is discounted that this will be the Republican dominance of the upper house -, the highest US court will have a large conservative majority (6 to 3), a balance that can unleash changes on important issues such as the right to abortion, the environment, immigration, homosexual marriage, the health plan, among others.
In addition, the Court may have a decisive role in the next presidential elections on November 3, which could end up being defined in a judicial dispute since Trump It has been waving the specter of electoral fraud for months.
Barret, born in New Orleans, but with a current position as an appeals judge in the Seventh Circuit based in Chicago, will be, at 48 years old, the youngest judge on the high court, who has positions for life. So your stamp in court may transcend more than one generation.
She is a devout Catholic, married and mother of 7 children, two of them adopted in Haiti, and due to her religious convictions she is a fervent opponent of abortion. He is a member of an ultra-conservative Christian group known as People of Praise, an organization that promotes the idea that a married woman should delegate authority within the home to her husband, who in turn are guided by spiritual advisers or “leaders” in their life decisions, while members are expected to donate 5% of their income to the organization.
Barret worked for more than 10 years with the late Justice Antonin Scalia and, like him, defines himself as an “originalist” or “textualist”, which means that it seeks to adhere strictly to the text of the Constitution and tries to apply in its sentences the original intention that its architects had in 1787. It does not admit interpretations adapted to the new times.
With the approval of Barret by the Senate, the Supreme Court, which had a conservative majority of 5 to 4 (although moderate conservative President John Roberts served as the balance because he sometimes voted with the more progressive sector), would go from 6 to 3 on fundamental failures that could soon be revised by pressure from the right.
Some examples would be the 1973 Roe Vs Wade, which states the right to abortion, and others that endorse gay marriage, climate change, the protection of workers and immigrants, experts estimate. Affirmative action policies in education and some rights enshrined in the health law known as “Obamacare” could also be affected.
Barret’s swift nomination and his “fast track” treatment in the Senate was a highly controversial decision, but Trump was seeking to seal the majority in Court before the November 3 presidential election while offering a grand gesture to the sectors. religious who support him and who were fundamental in achieving his triumph in 2016. In a country where 60% of the inhabitants go to Mass at least once a monthEvangelical Christians, for example, are 25% of US voters. 81% of them voted for Trump in the last elections and gave him vital victories in Florida and Michigan.
The Democrats – and an express request from Ginsburg before his death – demanded that the discussion about the vacancy be frozen, until after the elections, which will define whether or not Trump remains in the White House. There was a very immediate precedent in that sense: in 2016, Republicans opposed voting a Barack Obama nominee to replace the late Conservative Justice Scalia, on the grounds that it was an election year. Now the opposition seeks to delay the hearings, arguing that they are not safe due to the pandemic and that the Americans are today focused on the elections.
In fact, the position of the Democrats is shared by the majority of the citizens. A Washington Post / ABC poll indicated that 57% of those consulted – compared to 38% – oppose confirming the new magistrate before the elections.
But, pragmatic at last, the Republicans turned their arguments from 4 years ago and said that they will accelerate the times to vote very soon: they do not want to take the risk of losing the presidential election and that it is the Democrat Joe Biden in nominating the new magistrate , which would obviously be a liberal rather than a conservative. Confirmation requires a simple majority and Republicans lead Democrats 53-47 in the Senate.
Trump has already appointed two justices to the Supreme Court during his tenure – Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh – and seeks to add a third seat that will leave a profound mark on his term and the future of the country. It will be a welcome decision among his conservative religious constituencies, although it could discourage the independents who voted for him in 2016.