Sixty years after the four generals launched a coup against the policies of General Charles de Gaulle in Algeria, the historian Maurice Vaïsse returned to this event and its aftermath.
Sixty years ago, on April 22, 1961, a part of the French army launched a rebellion against General de Gaulle to protest his Charles de Gaulle policy.” give up” Conducted in Algeria. Led by four generals-Maurice Challe, Edmond Jouhaud, Raoul Salan and André Zeller ” The “Algiers coup” will fail in four days and five nights.
The author of the reference work, Coup in Algiers (Historicist Odile Jacob (Odile Jacob), 2021, a substantial version of the work published in 1983 and 2011), the historian Maurice Vaïsse said in an interview World africa The ups and downs of this dramatic event changed the course of VE Republic.He especially emphasized “lonely” De Gaulle (De Gaulle) included facing his closest collaborators during the worst of the crisis.
Why did the Algiers coup ultimately fail?
The interim plan succeeded because it worked improvisationally, and then it failed because it worked improvisationally. His organization is not good. The conspiracy leader thinks everything will be fine. They communicated and got promises from more or less important figures in France. But they stepped in blindly. This is especially true for Challe. He is a typical Republican officer. He is a very meticulous, intelligent man who thinks seriously about what he does. It’s amazing that someone like him intervenes so easily. We made a promise to him, we told him that the army would march. He is confident. In fact, when the coup leaders arrived in Algiers, they realized that this was not the case.
In the face of this coup, the Algerian Military District will react differently…
effective. In Algiers, it works perfectly. A few hours later, the entire Algiers region fell. The problem is that other parts of Algeria will not do the same. In Orania, General Depuy hesitated, then refused. As for the Constantinoples, General Gould first said yes, then no. This is why Louis Joxe, Minister of Affairs of Algeria, and General Olié, Chief of the Defense Staff, carried out this extraordinary attack. This is very risky: their aircraft must fly low to avoid being intercepted. At some stage, MM. Joxe and Olié even had to flee to avoid being stopped by paratroopers. But they managed to revive the elements of loyalty to de Gaulle. The coup, which was successfully held in the early morning of April 22 (Saturday) and part of the next day, will be completely shaken from Sunday night, that is, from the moment Charles de Gaulle speaks.
You have 77.44% of the articles to read. The rest only applies to subscribers.