A person hit a lady on the butt as she was leaving an elevator. The conviction was an administrative sanction. Lights and shadows of the Asian nation in gender equality.
Vietnam is likely one of the most superior international locations in girls’s rights in Asia, however a latest episode of sexual harassment in an elevator, with a minimal penalty, he uncovered the impunity of those actions.
In a nine-second video that turned social media across the nation, a 44-year-old Estonian man whips a lady’s butt without warning popping out of an elevator in Ho Chi Minh (former Saigon).
Following the sufferer’s criticism, the authorities imposed an administrative penalty of 200,000 dong (7.20 euros, about $ 8.60) on the attacker, who has stripped the shortcomings of the Vietnamese authorized system to guard girls from these actions.
For Khuat Thu Hong, founder and director of the Vietnam Institute for Social Improvement Research (ISDS), this episode and the same one occurred a yr in the past in Hanoi, when a person forcibly kissed a lady in an elevator, they’re proof of authorized hole from the nation.
“There isn’t a definition of sexual harassment within the Prison Code. When one thing like this occurs, the authorities have no idea what to do and impose an administrative sanction. It doesn’t make any sense. Vietnam is defenseless to guard girls,” the professional assured the EFE company by telephone from Hanoi.
In Hong’s opinion, this authorized vacuum doesn’t symbolize the notion of society, which usually condemns these acts, and remembers that the person who was sanctioned a yr in the past with the identical positive for kissing a lady was expelled from the condo he had rented and had bother discovering a landlord who will settle for you as a tenant.
“I do not know what turned of him, however the general public derision was way more necessary than the positive 200,000 dong, “she remembers, satisfied that tolerance for these actions has been decreased to a minimal within the final decade.
Nonetheless, these two circumstances, which acquired quite a lot of media consideration because of the dissemination of safety digicam movies, usually are not anecdotal: a examine by the Motion Assist group in 2014 revealed that 87 p.c of the ladies surveyed in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh (the 2 most important cities in Vietnam) had suffered some sort of harassment.
Though international actions just like the Me Too haven’t had a lot of an impression in Vietnam, Hong does suppose they’ve contributed to change mindsets and to clarify the nonsense of impunity.
Authorized helplessness within the face of harassment is hanging in a rustic like Vietnam, the place girls have gained extra rights than in others round them.
One of many fields during which it’s most noticeable is labor: in accordance with ISDS, girls make up 49 p.c of the workforce and 79 p.c of ladies are in paid employment, greater than in most international locations on the planet.
“In Vietnam we now have a saying for ladies: if you happen to can earn cash, you’re sturdy. Girls are stronger in our nation as a result of they work. There may be proof of the significance of ladies within the economic system for hundreds of years,” explains the director of ISDS .
These conquests are mirrored within the proportion of girls in positions of duty in firms, 27 p.c, with distinguished figures reminiscent of Nguyen Thi Phuong Thao, CEO of the airline Vietjet Air and included in 2019 within the listing of the thousand wealthiest individuals on the planet.
As well as, Vietnamese moms are entitled to a six-month paid maternity depart, the longest in Asia, a conquest that Hong says is double-edged by the shortage of correlation with paternity depart, of simply 5 days because it was implanted 4 years in the past.
“The legislation implies that caring for youngsters is the lady’s job, paternity depart is solely symbolic. Maternity depart has aspect, however it locations girls at an obstacle, many firms doubt whether or not to rent them for that reason and enlarges the wage hole, “he says.
Motherhood can also be for the professional one of many the explanation why most girls entrepreneurs have small or medium-sized companies: they need to additionally deal with child-rearing and house responsibilities.