Currently, there are a total of 174 cities around the world that meet the criteria of “Smart City” established, and by which the ranking of the ICIM (IESE Cities in Motion Index).
One of the main conditions of a smart city is that it involves “A city model fundamentally oriented towards people”. Requirement established by the CMC Group’s Energy Efficiency unit.
In summary, the main characteristic of smart cities is that they simply you live longer and better with the help of technology.
What must a city have to be considered smart?
Currently, in order to enter the ranking de Smart City, a city must meet the compliance level of the ISO 37120 standard, covering an extensive list of pain points to cover.
However, we can list 10 aspects that every smart city should have and are known as dimensions:
- Governance: efficiency, reliability and good guidance from the government.
- Urban planification: green areas, no overcrowding in homes, good sanitary infrastructure, etc.
- Information and Communication Technology (ICT): innovation in sectors of health, economy and more; adoption of internet, mobile services and technology platforms in the population.
- Environment: reduce CO emissions by 20%2 is a key objective for the end of 2020 assessment.
- International projection: enhance the city’s brand and its international recognition through plans to attract investment.
- Social cohesion: citizens’ sense of belonging, low levels of crime, low levels of unemployment, etc.
- Mobility and transportation.
- Human capital: attract and retain talent, create plans to improve education, and drive both creativity and research.
Having already this information, and returning to the main topic of this article; out of 180 smart cities in the world, what are the 5 smartest cities and why are they in the top?
From the moment the ranking began, the English city has always been in the top five places thanks to its international projection and human capital; characteristics that have always defined it.
Other dimensions like transport and mobility They have always been the strong one in London, however, the happiness index, although it has values with an upward trend, are always in what is considered average.
This factor greatly influences social cohesion, where it currently ranks 45th.
New York, USA
The city that never sleeps occupies the second place, and, like London; always stays in the top positions.
his human capital, urban planning and transportation are exceptional. However, its social cohesion index is also very poor.
The Japanese city stands as the best in terms of Public Management, and maintains a high standard of human capital.
Unfortunately, due to factors such as the Fukushima earthquake (which was followed by a Tsunami) and the social pressure that its inhabitants always experience, it also has some poor levels of social cohesion.
Contrary to the aforementioned, the index of Paris’s social cohesion is extremely high.
In addition, the French city is in the top 10 of the places with the best economy by having a greater PIB per cápita and count on internationally recognized universities, as well as a very good yespublic transport system.
This city in Iceland is on par with Zurich and Singapore. However, the Reykjavik upward trend make it worthy of fifth place. Especially for its high environmental performance indices.
Practically no pollution and with a renewable water source; in this city people have a much higher life expectancy to the rest of the world.
Does Mexico have smart cities?
In turn, local governments, guided by the ISO 37120 standard, usually establish criteria that are adapted to their country.
For example, in the case of Mexico; Mauricio Bouskela, senior specialist in housing and urban development at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), announced that the country already has “smart zones”
- Maderas, in Queretaro,
- Creative City and Tequila, in Jalisco and,
- Smart, in Puebla
Given that, Mexico City could soon enter the Smart Cities ranking. His words were.
“The IDB understands that a smart city is one that places people at the center of development, incorporates information and communication technologies in urban management and uses these elements as tools to stimulate the formation of an efficient government”
Words very similar to what is contemplated in the ISO 37120 standard.