On World Contraception Day, we figure out what gives our health access to contraception and the ability to plan a family.
The number of unplanned pregnancies is significant decreased over the past 30 years. This is due to improved access to contraception and the success of family planning organizations. However, this problem cannot be called solved. Unplanned were about 40% of pregnancies worldwide in 2010-2014. Russian indicators of the same years agree with the world. In 2019, a WHO study in 36 countries found that two thirds of women do not use means of protection for one reason or another.
Widespread use of contraception allowed people to postpone pregnancy to a later date, has reduced the number of “catch-up marriages”, contributed to an increase in women’s independence. But the contribution of contraception to improving people’s health has become equally important. An unplanned pregnancy is one of the most important health issues.
What contraception gives health
Unplanned pregnancy considered high risk pregnancy because it is associated with adverse outcomes for both the mother and the baby. In such cases, women are more likely to suffer from depression, try to commit suicide, face instability in family relationships and violence, and have a higher risk of miscarriage and low birth weight.
Scientists calculated that if contraceptives disappeared, then in 2008 maternal mortality worldwide increased would be almost 2 times. But research in poor countries shows the health benefits of rational protection for women most prominently.
Job, published in The Lancet in 2012, showed that maternal mortality in developing countries fell by 40% in 20 years thanks to contraception. One of the reasons for these results is a decrease in the number of pregnancies in women who find it difficult to bear a child for health reasons. Moreover, unwanted pregnancies often lead to illegal abortions in many countries. Further facilitating access to contraception should help reduce this rate by another 30%.
The widespread use of contraception has a positive effect on the health of children: it is the better, the more time passes between births. If this interval is less than 18 months, then predictions for the health and survival of children are significant. worse… The mortality rate of children born after an interval between pregnancies of less than two years is 60% abovethan in the case of childbirth at intervals of 4 years or more.
Unplanned pregnancy increases the risk of having children with low birth weight, which is a risk factor for poor health. It is estimated that such a pregnancy – reason million deaths of children under 4 years old worldwide every year.
Another issue that good access to contraception addresses is reducing the number of teenage pregnancies. The vast majority of pregnancies at this age are not planned (in USA – 82%). At the same time, with them high risk premature birth, low birth weight and baby death. Good access to contraception and sexuality education reduces the number of pregnancies in this group.
The use of contraception and family planning have made a huge contribution to improving the health and preservation of the psyche of people in recent decades. If every pregnancy in the world is desired, the benefits will be enormous.