After analyzing more than 10,000 passes in 20 LaLiga games intervened by Real Madrid or Barcelona, researchers at the Polytechnic University of Madrid confirmed that when the ball is passed diagonally away from the sphere, a higher level can be obtained in the completion of the game. effectiveness. Passers, stay away from more direct defenders.
This football It is considered a highly complex sport in which 22 players interact simultaneously in the same space. The goalkeeper interacts with his teammates by passing the ball, thus establishing a unique way of communication during the offensive phase of the game.
In this context, researchers from the Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences of the Polytechnic University of Madrid (UPM) Analyze the passing movement according to the trajectory of the ball receiver and the space of the ball, depending on the success at the end of the game.The results are posted on International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.
The video tape used by the author 20 games From La Riga 2018-2019 among them Real Madrid and Barcelona (Day 29 or 38), checked 10,128 sheets They have established various categories based on context, time, and analysis of passes. According to all the data, Statistical Analysis.
The results show that the main performance indicators at the end of the game (evaluated as valid, neutral or invalid) are the effectiveness of the pass itself, the trajectory of the receiver and the area of the serving court, except for the space to receive the ball.
Pass and track
Refers Receipt of the pass Is described as method When the receiver gains a position advantage by approaching the ball controller, separate When the receiver leaves the passer and gains a position advantage, and Location When he received the height of the most direct opponent.
according to Receive path There are four description methods: in operation diagonal, vertical ÿ vertical, O en stationaryIf the player is not in the game.
The researchers pointed out: “We concluded that the success rate of approaching and splitting the ball increased by 5% and 7%, respectively, and the probability of diagonal running increased by 7%.” Comprehensive analysis of these variables will improve team performance“.
The most effective way to collect the ball to effectively end the game is to separate the diagonally to collect the ball, because the player receives the ball away from his direct back, looking for free or useful space, and closer to the goal, so as to obtain a greater goal of scoring. Advantage.
according to Field area The researchers found areas where the chance of successfully completing the game increased from where the pass was given. According to their plan, their age increased from 11 to 20 years old.
In addition, the central offensive front area (zone 8) is the area that has the greatest impact on the number of passes, followed by the central offensive front area (13) and the right offensive front area (11)). The data shows that the probability of reaching the attacking area is nearly 50% higher.
Divide the area into multiple areas to analyze the probability of successfully completing the game. /UPM
Advantages of playing at home
Another interesting result is that in the competitive field, the number of passes has been reduced by 2%, while in the home game, it was found that the 13% difference is conducive to the number of passes for the home team to have a valid score.
In short, according to the UPM researchers Antonio Cordon: “The analysis of the receiver shows its importance in the end of the game and in the team’s tactics. This provides new variables for coaches and analysts to consider when improving performance.”
A. Cordón-Carmona et al. “What is the significance of passing between passers and passers in football? A study of elite football in La Liga”. Elje, 2020.