New data on the knowledge and social perception of the pandemic from the fourth round of research by COSMO in Spain. The results show that people are increasingly concerned about the effects of covid-19 (so-called pandemic fatigue and confidence in vaccines).
Carlos III Institute of Health (ISCIII)versus Ministry of Health, The fourth round result Spanish COSMO Research, By the World Health Organization (Who). This work aims to carry out work in 31 other countries to gain knowledge and understanding of population risks facing the pandemic.
The goal is to help your results to resolve Coronavirus disease, By providing relevant and up-to-date information on health strategies and awareness campaign design. In the fourth round, increased attention to the pandemic and vaccine confidence are the two most important data.
on immunity, The percentage of people willing to vaccinate “if available tomorrow” rose from 39% in the third round to 72% currently. The percentage of participants who said “they have no doubt about the vaccine, because it is safe to use it if recommended” also rose to 62%.
Together with these data reflecting the increase in confidence in the drug, the percentage of people who indicated that they were not vaccinated in the last round also declined: only 17% of people answered that they would receive “second or third vaccines,” Instead of”. The first one is “Before 52%, only 26%” means that the vaccine will not be vaccinated “due to possible health risks”, compared to 48% before.
However, people suggest that there are more difficulties in understanding the benefits and risks of vaccination, finding information about vaccines, and assessing whether the information provided by the media is reliable.
In addition, people’s concerns about the pandemic have increased, with 67% of participants expressing a lot of concerns, which is the highest percentage in the four rounds of research. Among the main concerns, people are increasingly concerned about the saturation of health services, the development of people who do not wear masks and their own physical and mental health.
Similarly, the percentage of participants who believe that the epidemic is spreading rapidly (92%) and the percentage of people who are sure that COVID-19 is frustrating them (50%) or frightening them (47%) is increasing. Finally, the percentage of respondents who believe they are experiencing the worst of the pandemic has also increased (to 54%, the highest of all surveys).
Population knowledge and risk perception
Regarding the general knowledge of coronavirus, the form of infectious diseases and preventive measures, the percentage of people who know that keeping a safe distance is an effective measure has increased to 96%, and affirmed that the authorities’ recommendations are mandatory.
Most (more than 95%) know that if they have symptoms, they should stay at home, and if they have close contact with them, they should isolate themselves. In the fourth round, the study included questions about the diagnosis: 54% of people thought they had a good understanding of the different existing tests.
Regarding risk perception, only 36% of participants believed that if they were infected with COVID-19, the disease would be severe or very severe. There has been a slight increase in the number of people who think they are likely to be contagious (an increase of 32% compared to 26% in previous rounds), and their perception of the possibility of contagion based on location and activity is also increasing: public Traffic is the most contagious place.
Meeting with family or friends is the biggest risk perception place, and the proportion of respondents who think it is difficult to avoid being infected by the coronavirus is also the highest (30%).
During this round, compliance with the preventive measures recommended by the health authorities has also increased. The most widely used type of mask is still surgical masks, although the proportion of people who initially stated that they use the mask has dropped slightly to 40%, while the number of people who prefer to use FFP2 masks has increased by 37%. Sample, and the previous round was 26%.
Information and pandemic fatigue
The possible impact of obtaining excessive information, informatization and misinformation through consulting various sources (not always reliable) means that in this round of the survey, respondents have found, understood, evaluated, and applied information related to the coronavirus. The degree of difficulty has decreased. The frequency of consultations about coronavirus information continues to increase several times a day (from 34% in the previous round to 38% in this round).
Information provided by health professionals and WHO continues to generate the greatest trust, and people once again lack trust in social networks, the Internet, and talk shows. In any case, the institution that generates the greatest trust will not change: the science and health communities remain at the top.
The impact of so-called pandemic fatigue, which was first analyzed in the previous round, increased in the fourth round. As the epidemic worsens, its impact is obvious: the statement that reached the highest consensus is “I’m tired of the covid-19 debate”, the average is divided into three-thirds, 3.91 (the largest is one-fifth agreement) , Followed by “I’m tired of the news about covid-19”, with an average score of 3.62, and “I feel very hard trying to follow all recommendations” with an average score of 3.04.
Family gatherings and leisure
As a novelty, in this round, people were asked about family gatherings during the holidays during Christmas. 70% said they only celebrated the New Year with their partners; 36% said they celebrated Christmas Eve with non-nuclear family members, and 5% said they had parties with non-family members on New Year’s Eve.
Participants were also asked whether they spent more than 15 minutes in a bar/restaurant without a mask in the past two months. 24% answered that in this group, 34% confirmed that all tables in the bar/restaurant were occupied.
When asked about the measures the authorities should take in the face of an increase in covid-19 cases (range 1-disagree-5-strongly agree), the most widely accepted measures are uniform regulations and national-level restrictions (average 3.84). The second is to limit the most severely affected areas within the scope (3.32) and implement a curfew in advance (3.20).
More information about Spanish COSMO
The Spanish COSMO is coordinated by the Carlos III Institute of Health (ISCIII) in cooperation with the Ministry of Health, the World Health Organization (WHO), the University of Murcia and the University of Cádiz; the researchers leading the project include Maria João Forjaz, María Romay-Barja of ISCIII With Carmen Rodríguez-Blázquez, and María Falcón from the University of Murcia.
More than a thousand people over the age of 18 who lived in Spain participated in the study and ensured a similar distribution to the Spanish population in terms of age, education level, gender and area of residence. 33% of the respondents were between 45 and 60 years old; 42% had a college degree, and the majority (58%) said they were working. In this group, 30% said they were at moderate risk Work personally in an environment.