What is ingenuity?
It is a small helicopter and an unmanned aircraft. It is one of NASA’s “Mars 2020” mission and “Perseverance” rover to Mars.This is a technical demonstration, just like an experiment MosesInstead of like MEDA or PTFEBecause it has no intention of assisting or conducting any scientific research on the Red Planet.
Other successful technology demonstrations that NASA has brought to the red planet include the Sojourner rover from the United States. Pathfinder mission, Y Mars Cube One (MarCO) and InSight missions.
What will you do on Mars?
The main goal is to try a powered helicopter flight on the planet. This is a simple phrase, but it contains infinite obstacles, so it works well. The first is the Martian atmosphere, which is very thin and has a density of about one hundredth of that of the Earth.
The originality is very light, requiring its blades to be able to rotate much faster than required on earth. The only advantage of flying on Mars is that the gravity of the planet is lower than that of the earth.
Therefore, Ingenuity needs to be very lightweight and make its blades rotate at a higher speed. The only advantage of flying on Mars is that the gravity of the red planet is only one third of that of the earth, so it takes less effort to lift objects of the same mass.
Another important goal of ingenuity is to observe whether its structure can withstand the extreme temperatures of Martian night, which can drop to -90 degrees Celsius.
When will it take off?
NASA estimates that Ingenuity will take off for the first time on Sunday, April 11, although that date may change and has changed before. If it happens on this day, we will find at the press conference that the agency has scheduled a press release on April 12 (Monday) at 9:30 am (Spain peninsula time).
The mission window is 30 soles (31 days for Earth days). During this period, Ingenuity will try several test flights and perform different tasks, such as taking photos and environmental data.
Over the years, where did originality perform its tasks?
Under the “abdomen” of the permanent body, it is embedded horizontally and protected from the substances rising during the descent and landing of the rover. Previously, it and the helicopter were transported from Earth to Mars along a 471 million-kilometer space capsule separating the two planets. It’s like an interplanetary “ball” that carries a kangaroo and its baby.
Compare perseverance (big) and originality-sized illustrations. /NASA/JPL-Caltech
How about this little helicopter?
Ingenuity is like a suitcase (13.6 x 19.5 x 16.3 cm) that you carry with you, weighing about 1.8 kg. Unlike perseverance, perseverance is the same weight as a city vehicle and weighs more than one ton.
But the size of this helicopter has nothing to do with its capacity. Since it must fly by itself and not communicate with the earth in real time, it is prepared to make automatic decisions based on the parameters programmed by NASA engineers: it must adjust the internal temperature, analyze the terrain to maintain its position during the flight, and take pictures of the surface at high altitudes .
What have you accomplished so far?
The fact of defending NASA’s capabilities is an achievement in itself. The space agency spent six years designing this drone and proved that it is possible to create an ultra-light tool that can generate enough power to rise from Martian soil and survive autonomously in the Martian environment.on The video (as of 2:46) You will see how this small drone flies.
Ingenuity has shown in simulations on Earth that it can fly under Martian conditions.It’s time to prove it on real Mars
So far, Ingenuity has completed the launch phase of the mission and has shown that it can charge its batteries during space travel. The small helicopter managed to fly in the camera to simulate the scene of Mars on Earth. It’s time to get rid of the simulator and demonstrate in real life.
What steps must you go through before flying?
Before taking off autonomously, Ingenuity must meet List of previous goals:
-Survive the interplanetary journey to Mars and landing (completed).
-Unfold safely from the “abdomen” of Perseverance, and then land on the ground (completed).
-Maintain your internal temperature on Martian night (finished).
-Use solar panels to charge the battery (completed).
-Communicate with the rover through the Hengxin subsystem and confirm the communication with NASA (completed).
-Unlock the rotor (completed).
-Rotate its rotor for the first time without leaving the ground.
This is not an example: this is the perseverance after perseverance is left on Mars. /NASA/JPL-Caltech
If it succeeds, what will happen next?
If the first flight is successful, Ingenuity will try to fly again within the scheduled 31 days. In any case, this small helicopter will achieve a feat of aviation: proving that it is possible to design a powered flying device that adapts to the characteristics of another planet.
This technology demonstration will open the way for the sending of flight-capable instruments on Mars and non-Mars missions in the future. In addition, it will provide a unique perspective that is beyond the reach of satellites orbiting the earth or rover or station deployed on its surface.
Finally, NASA believes that drones on Mars may transfer electric charges from one place to another by flying over the surface of Mars.