Since Emmanuel Macron mentioned “Africa’s provisional or final restitution of African heritage” in a speech in Wuagadougou in November 2018, positions and decisions have been formed and mutually agreed upon. contradiction.
analysis. The University of Aberdeen (Scotland) announced that when the British army was fired in Edo (now Benin) in 1897, a bronze head was looted back to Nigeria along with thousands of other works. The Humboldt Forum of the Berlin Museum is hesitant. It retains 440 pieces of the same fate; a statement that 26 works taken by the French army in Abomey in November 2021 will be returned to Benin. These works are placed in Kui, Paris. In the Branley Museum: These are the latest adventures of returning African cultural products to the country that were occupied during the colonial conquest.
The former occupying powers-Germany, Belgium, France, Britain, Italy and Portugal-face each other with the states where decolonization was born. In more than half a century, Europeans took advantage of the apparently unequal balance of power in the context of racism to seize the colony’s heritage, so that 90% of the colonies today are out of control. The country itself and the country that raises funds through market purchases. The second case is North American collections, so the problem of returning property cannot be avoided.Emmanuel Macron made this request in Ouagadougou on November 28, 2018 He said: “I hope to meet Africa’s provisional or final return of African heritage within five years. Since then, positions and decisions have accumulated and contradicted each other.
They should be viewed from too many angles to make it possible to develop here. We will stick to three, namely history, museums and politics.
The story recalls that until 1973, Marshal Mobutu Sese Seko (Marshal Mobutu Sese Seko), who ruled Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo (DRC)) at the time, proposed to the UN General Assembly to return Objects taken during the Congo period of Leopold II of Belgium. The museum he established in Tervueren near Brussels contains nearly 120,000 Congolese artifacts. Therefore, on December 18, 1973, the United Nations issued Resolution 3187: “Return the artwork to the country with the stolen assets.” In Belgium, one-time measures were taken only once, and these measures will be suspended more quickly as several returned coins (less than 200 in total) subsequently reappear on the market.
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