Popular TV series Sherlock, Benedict Cumberbatch (Benedict Cumberbatch) embodies the modern version of the famous detective, a reliable method that remembers almost any data or detail becomes fashionable: “Memory Palace”. It is now scientifically proven to be effective.
Such as collecting Computer Hoy, This technique (also called the “locus method”) is not very modern, but has been documented more than Since the 20th century, it has been used by Romans and Greeks.
Actually, Cicero He used it to remember his long speech in the Roman Senate and learned it from the Greeks.Centuries later, medieval monks used this method to remember Bible.
“Memory Palace” includes imagining a place that we know well, such as our house, room, or a place where we feel comfortable.Then talked about Go to that place mentally And it is associated with a specific location in the “palace” that we want to remember.
Current research shows that this method is indeed effective.From University of ViennaLed by Dr. Isabella Wagner, 50 people were trained to learn some words. Some of them used the “memory palace” method, others used a different method, and there was no specific method for the rest. Monitor the participants’ brain activity.
Then ask participants to recall from 20 minutes, In 24 hours, after that 4 months. At 20 minutes, people who use the “locus method” training will remember 62 words, those who use other methods will remember 41 words, and those who have not used the training method will remember 36 words.
After 24 hours, those who had received Sherlock or Cicero training had memorized 56 words. Those who use other methods remember 30, and those who do not remember 21. Four months later, Those methods memorized about 50 words, And the other two groups remember 30 and 27 respectively.
But the strangest thing is that the analysis of the participants’ neuromonitoring revealed that those who use the “memory palace” method Their brain activity is reduced Although more words have been memorized, researchers believe that this is a sign of more effective brain function.