Refugees arriving on the European continent cannot apply for asylum in the Member State of their choice. He dublin regulation, from 2003 and reformed in 2013, gives the responsibility of managing the application to the first EU country through which they enter. The migration crisis of 2015, when more than a million refugees arrived on the European continent fleeing the war in Syria, turned upside down the previously complicated balance of the system, putting Mediterranean countries like Greece or Italy in an unsustainable situation.
The response from the European Commission came a few months later in the form of a mandatory quota mechanism with the aim of redistributing thousands of refugees between the different Member States and thus alleviating the countries on the front line in the Mediterranean. A patch that not only did not work – of the 160,000 refugees who pledged to relocate only reached 29,000 – but it also opened an unprecedented gap between the countries of the south, defenders of solidarity and a mandatory distribution, and those of the east, absolutely opposed to accepting any refugee quota despite the decision by qualified majority adopted in the Council.
Lack of compromise
Although the lack of commitment from countries like Hungary, Poland, Slovakia or the Czech Republic To relocate refugees ended in the opening of an infringement procedure and in the Court of Justice of the EU later, the system did not survive and despite pressure from non-governmental organizations and civil society it ended up dying.
Since then, attempts to push through Dublin reform have inexorably watered down and exacerbated migratory pressure. “Moria – the refugee camp on the island of Lesbos scorched by fire a few days ago – is a symptom of a system that is non-existent. It exists because there is nothing different that prevents it from being there & rdquor ;, he recognized this Wednesday Margaritis Schinas, Vice-President of the European Commission and coincidentally a voice for the author of the quota system, Jean-Claude Juncker.