Vaccines against the coronavirus are below. Its existence is essential to end this pandemic, since will immunize this population and its transmission will stop. Nonetheless there are still unanswered questions. One of them is usually to know if the vaccine causes a larger immune response than the infection by itself.
The BBC has asked a similar question to three experts. One of them will be Carlos Rodrigo, vaccinologist and medical director of Pediatrics at the Germans Trias i Pujol Hospital, throughout Barcelona.
“There are some diseases the location where the vaccine protects more than the disease along with other cases where the disease provides a great deal more protection than the vaccine,” claims Rodrigo. For example, natural immunity will be stronger in diseases like measles, chickenpox, or mumps: once you move them, you do not get sick again.
In contrast, the vaccine immunizes a great deal more in other cases, such as pneumococci or perhaps meningococci in children or this human papillomavirus (HPV).
But what about the coronavirus? Due to the novelty of the illness and the very limited journey that the shot has made, not much is known however.
Despite this, “when they give you some sort of vaccine, you receive a predetermined dose that people know provokes a strong and suitable immune response, capable of preventing infections in a large percentage of circumstances,” he explains to the LABELLLISÉ BBC. Jennifer Gommerman, an immunologist in the University of Toronto, Canada.
“There are many similarities: the two things make neutralizing antibodies and cellular defenses. But one of the big differences will be that vaccines do not cause security damage of an extremely robust immune system response, which in many people can be damaging and cause damage to the lungs, “says Gommerman.
As Dr. Rodrigo describes, passing the disease “It is an voyage, a chance, a Russian roulette: and for some people it does not cause any issues, for others it causes very serious issues. And others not so serious but prolonged over time, and disabling. “
In improvement, the vaccine “guarantees a standard immune response in the entire populace. It is a way of controlling the response but not leaving it to chance, “says Maitreyi Shivkumar, Professor of Molecular Biology at De Montfort College or university School of Pharmacy in the UK.
Do those who have had the disease have to be vaccinated?
Another question that the population requests is this: if I have passed this coronavirus, Do i have to get vaccinated?
This is the opinion of Dr. Gommerman: “First of all, many people certainly not had confirmation of having had the herpes virus. When people come to us who believe they have had Covid-19 and are examined for antibodies, they don’t often test positive because they have not actually been exposed to the virus. “
“As significantly as we know, there are no adverse consequences given the vaccine soon after having the virus. It’s like upping your immune response, “says the doctor.
“Your immune response may or may not have been great, depending on how much virus you were come across, and since that load is varying, you will not know where you are on the range, therefore, it is better to get the vaccine“Gommerman concludes.
Dr. Rodrigo believes men and women who have had the disease “would not wind up a priority, but it is possible that after a couple of months, natural immunity is not enough. “
“It will be necessary to evaluate if this individual still has antibodies, because in cases where you will discover, the vaccine is useless “, think.