In the elections next November in BrazilIn which mayors and councilors will be chosen for more than 5,500 municipalities, women will play a fundamental role. As the majority of the electorate, they will have the future of their cities in their hands in a country polarized between the left and the right.
Of the near 148 million people qualified to vote In the elections on November 15, 52.5% are women and 47.5% men, according to data from the Superior Electoral Court, updated this Monday.
The women voters They are the majority in 3,386 of the 5,568 municipalities, 61% of the cities in which elections will be held this year, and which is a higher number than that registered in the 2016 elections, where the female gender was stronger in 2,963 cities.
According to official data, the majority of women eligible to vote have between 35 and 39 years, although the general average is between 44 and 49 years old.
Gender inequalities in candidacies
The same is not the case with candidacies for mayors and councilors, where men take 66.9% and women only 33.1%, a difference that, in addition to not representing the majority of the population of the country, has grown 2.5 percentage points since 2016, when the last local elections.
And it is that this year the number of candidates registered for the municipal elections of November broke a record when registering 546,217 applications, almost 50,000 applicants more than those registered in 2016.
On September 26, when the registrations for the candidacies closed, the system of maximum electoral Tribunal It amounted to 541,900, a figure that has been adjusted in these two days by including the registrations made late on Saturday.
Social and political polarization
The local elections in Brazil they were scheduled for October, but the coronavirus pandemic forced that date to be postponed until next November 15 for the first round and 29 of the same month if the results lead to a second round of elections.
As in the 2018 presidential elections, when the far-right leader Jair Bolsonaro He was the winner with 55% of the votes for the Social Liberal Party (PSL), compared to 44% obtained by the progressive Fernando Haddad, of the Workers Party (PT), the country is polarized between the left and the right.
Such has been the effect, that more than a hundred candidates for mayors and councilors for the municipal elections decided to refer directly to President Bolsonaro and the former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, leader of the PT, identifying himself with his surnames in the official political name adopted during the campaign.