In his third encyclical, “Fratelli Tutti”, he warns that after the health crisis “the worst reaction would be to fall even further into a consumer fever and new forms of selfish self-preservation.”
Pope Francis released his new encyclical, “Fratelli Tutti” on Sunday, in which asks that the pain of the pandemic is not “useless” and calls for a rebirth of humanity “beyond borders” that leaves behind the “culture of the walls”.
“I hope that so much pain is not useless, that we take a leap towards a new way of life and finally discover that we need and owe each other, so that humanity is reborn with all faces, all hands and all voices, beyond the borders we have created, “said the Pope.
The new encyclical ‘Fratelli Tutti’ proposes the exercise of a fraternity open to all, regardless of their religious convictions, which allows building a new world. Inspired by Saint Francis of Assisi, and in the context of the coronavirus pandemic, the Pope warns: “After the health crisis, the worst reaction would be to fall further into a consumer fever and new forms of selfish self-preservation”.
The encyclical consists of eight chapters. After analyzing what he considers the most serious problems in society -among which appear globalization, the pandemic, global discarding, the loss of scope of human rights, the dehumanization of borders, etc.-, the Pope invites the humanity to be “good Samaritans who carry the pain of failure, instead of accentuating hatred and resentment.”
Francisco redounds on several occasions in the idea of ”social friendship” that he has defined as “a condition of possibility of a true universal openness”. In his opinion, in order to move towards social friendship and universal brotherhood it is essential to “perceive how much a human being is worth.”
Therefore, it denounces that in a society that is governed primarily by the criteria of market freedom and efficiency “fraternity will be one more romantic expression”.
It also attacks societies that behave like markets, where “people play the roles of consumers or spectators” and where a globalism advances that favors the identity of the strongest who protect themselves, but seeks to “liquefy the identities of the weakest and poorest regions, making them more vulnerable and dependent. “
For the Pope, one of the main problems of humanity is the “global discard” put into practice by those who sacrifice parts of humanity “for the benefit of a selection that favors a human sector worthy of living without limits.”
The pontiff emphasizes: “We saw what happened to the elderly in some parts of the world because of the coronavirus. They did not have to die like this. But in reality something similar had already happened because of heat waves and in other circumstances: cruelly discarded “.
Along these lines, the Pope emphasizes that a more just world is achieved by promoting peace, that It is not only the absence of war, but a true “artisan” work that involves everyone. He also expresses his rejection of the death penalty, defined as “inadmissible” because “it will always be a crime to kill a man.”
In addition, the pontiff speaks of the Covid-19 pandemic, which “broke out in an unexpected way” when he was writing this letter and exposed “false assurances”
The reconstruction of the world must begin, for the Pope, “from below and one by one” because it is necessary to “fight for the most concrete and local, to the last corner of the country and the world.”
In the Encyclical, Francis is reeling off the realities that are affected by a “loss of that” sense of fraternal responsibility “on which all civil society is based” as in the issue of migration to which he dedicates part of the second and all the fourth chapter.
Thus, he denounces that both from populist political regimes and from liberal economic approaches, also in Europe, it is maintained that it is necessary to “avoid the arrival of migrants at all costs”, warning that behind these statements “there are many lives that are torn apart” and calls for the simplification of “the granting of visas” or the opening of “humanitarian corridors for the most vulnerable refugees”.
The Encyclical also highlights the issue of foreign debt: without prejudice to the principle that it must be paid, it is expected, however, that do not compromise the growth and subsistence of the poorest countries.
The fifth chapter addresses ‘The best policy’ which, as it argues, should be at the service of the good, while another desire present in the text refers to the reform of the United Nations, as a “family of nations” working for the common good, the eradication of poverty and the protection of human rights.