Five Western companies involved in the construction of the pipeline – French groups Engie Energy, German Uniper and Wintershall, Austrian OMV and Anglo-Dutch Shell – were also fined 234 million zlotys (52 million zlotys). million).

UOKIK accuses these giants of creating a joint venture without his consent.

In 2016, UOKIK considered that Nord Stream 2 could harm the competition and refused to approve this consortium, after which it launched, two years later, a procedure against the six companies.

“According to a decision of the President of the Office of Competition and Consumer Protection, the entities are obliged to terminate the agreements concluded in order to finance the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline,” UOKiK said in a statement.

Poland, Ukraine and the Baltic countries – Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania – oppose Nord Stream 2, saying it is a “political” project.

“Nord Stream 2 is an element of politics, geopolitics, perseveringly carried by the Russian Federation,” Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki denounced in Brussels last week.

“This is nothing more than an element of Russian geopolitics that targets not only the interests of Poland, but of the whole of Central and Eastern Europe and a large part of the European Union (EU), and one of its foundations – energy solidarity,” he said. he.

Following the poisoning of Novelk by Aleksei Navalny, the Kremlin’s number one opponent, the EU has called for possible Russian sanctions, and Germany, which holds the six-month presidency of the Union, does not rule out blocking work on Nord Stream 2.

Mateusz Morawiecki explicitly linked the two.

“I hope that today many countries will confirm that Mr. Navalny’s poisoning and Nord Stream 2 are not separate issues,” he insisted in Brussels.

The pipeline is also criticized by the United States, which threatens to impose sanctions on businesses involved in the project.

Following the announcement of the fines, Gazprom’s shares fell by almost 1.4% on the Moscow Stock Exchange.