In any case, 476 Dutch troll accounts on Twitter have spread conspiracy theories and disinformation about the US election. This is shown by research by Pointer.
Impact during the 2016 elections
These are Dutch-language Twitter accounts that candidates have named Donald Trump or Joe Biden. Of the 15,000 accounts investigated, 476 were found to be in the hands of trolls, who anonymously spread only misinformation.
The trolls would share many links to videos, including interviews that show a presidential candidate poorly. Twitter accounts of major news media are also being attacked by the accounts and fake news sites are popular among the trolls.
One popular plot among the trolls is about the official Joris Demmink, who, according to one theory, would have escaped a conviction of child abuse. This conspiracy story has been popping up online for years.
The exact impact on the elections is as yet unclear. During the 2016 presidential election, many Russian trolls were found to be spreading disinformation and fake news in favor of Donald Trump.
This year, social media promises to take tougher action against such troll accounts, hoping to minimize their impact. It is also not allowed to place political advertisements on Facebook in the run-up to election day.