After overcoming the “seven-minute horror”, NASA’s new robotic probe is already on the surface of Mars. It will look for the remnants of past microbial life and test the technology that will be used to carry people to the Red Planet in the future. He also sent his first photo.
This The largest and most complex vehicle ever landed on another planet You are already at the destination: Mars. Since launching in July last year and lasting nearly 480 million kilometers, Wanderer perseverance NASA’s Mars2020 mission has successfully landed on Crater lake.
Data received through the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (service) And other orbital vehicles, have already announced landing confirmations from the mission control system Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Scheduled time for NASA’s flight in Pasadena, USA (California, USA): 21:55 hours (Spain time).
NASA also announced the news via social networks and real-time contacts, including the first broadcast by the engineer in Spanish. Diana TrujilloJPL’s flight director, he emphasized: “Everything is achieved in the form of a team, because we persevere together,. The English version was hosted by Raquel Villanueva and Marina Jurica of the JPL Press Office.
He said: “This landing is one of the critical moments for NASA, the United States and the global space exploration. It can be said to make our pencil sharper and to rewrite textbooks.” Steve Jurczyk, Acting Director of NASA, “This mission embodies the ideals of mankind to stick to the future and will help us prepare for mankind’s exploration of the Red Planet in the 2030s.”
Robot browser from mt Weight, managed to overcome the so-called “Seven minutes of horror, This is the time to enter and fall in the extremely risky Martian thin atmosphere, because since then it had to slow down 19.500 km/h 3 km/h for one person With perfectly timed automatic steps, you will not fail.
This includes separating the navigation or cruise phases to separate parachute Diameter 21.5 m, release Insulation board Protected the spacecraft when entering the atmosphere, please start the call TRN solution (Terrain relative navigation) To find the best landing point, leave the car casing behind. Wanderer Then put a Crane system (Skycrane) Place it on the ground with a retro rocket.
The entertainment of the skycrane system, depositing the rover on the Martian soil. /NASA/JPL
Now, the personnel responsible for performing the task will check all systems and instruments, from Wanderer On the next Two months. Perseverance will then begin to move on the surface of Mars.
Previous missions have confirmed that Mars is not the icy red planet we know today, but a much milder world, where there is a lot of water, there are rivers, lakes and oceans.
One of the main objectives of the mission is Looking for signs of microbial life It was able to thrive in the delta of ancient rivers that flowed into the lake covering the Jezero Crater millions of years ago.
“Perseverance is NASA’s most ambitious task, scientifically focused on finding out if there is Life on Mars In the past, highlighted Thomas ZurbuchenResponsible for the scientific mission of NASA, “In order to answer this question, Jezero Crater is the most complicated Martian topography in history and was selected as the landing target.”
Illustration of a Persevering Wanderer running on Mars. /NASA/JPL-Caltech
To achieve its goals, the rover has various scientific instruments, as well as drilling rigs that can collect samples from the surface of Mars and store them for future missions to earth.
Zurbuchen pointed out: “Due to today’s exciting events, the first batch of original samples from another planet were taken one step closer to Earth, except for emphasizing: “We don’t know what these Martian samples will tell us, but they can The things that are telling us are huge, including life that once existed outside our planet. “
Task, cost some US$2.7 billion, Will also test technologies that pave the way for Manned to Mars in the future.
These include experiments to produce oxygen from carbon monoxide2 pcs Features of the Martian atmosphere, such as the identification of groundwater resources, improvements in landing technology, descriptions of small autonomous helicopters, and weather, dust, and other features that may affect the environmental conditions of astronauts going to the Red Planet
In these tasks, Wanderer With the important participation of Spain.One is the weather station MEDA (Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer)Led by the Center for Astrobiology (CAB, INTA-CSIC). The Seville Institute of Microelectronics (CSIC-US) also designed a mechanism for its wind sensor.
As far as the instrument is concerned Super camera de Perseverance will be able to use five different techniques to inspect Martian rocks and minerals. The system made by Valladolid University helps to calibrate the data. The Institute of Geological Sciences (IGEO, CSIC-Complutense University of Madrid) also cooperated.
In addition, Madrid Deep Space Communications ComplexThe Robledo de Chavela company, as well as other companies in Canberra (Australia) and Goldstone (California, USA), will be responsible for sending and receiving information to Perseverance.
This Wanderer It is also engraved on the small chip 10,932,295 first and last names of people Who participated in the NASA movement, including Alexander Mather, This is a 13-year-old student, his name is Perseverance (Perseverance in Spanish).