When men and women express the same level of pain, they both think that women have less pain
Sometimes, when we observe the painful expression on their faces, we ask people close to us what will happen. This is a fundamental aspect of interpersonal communication, and it is related to empathy and caring for others.
But, do we feel the same pain as men and women? It can be assumed that men think women will exaggerate their pain, but a study conducted by professionals in psychology, psychiatry, and neurology has produced surprising results.
The researchers compared the two genders’ perceptions of pain and how to treat the two types of pain.The results are published in the journal Pain Magazine, Which shows that both men and women underestimate the pain of women.
How to explain a person’s pain?
Two experiments have been conducted in this research. First, 50 men and women each watched 36-second six-second videos, which have facial pain features.Video from A database Facial expressions of male and female patients with chronic shoulder pain.
After watching each video, participants must rate the patient’s pain level between 0 and 100. Although the patients showed the same degree of pain, the participants believed that women suffered less pain than men.
According to the researchers, these results are due to the fact that the more expressive the patient, the more pain the participants felt.
What medicine would you prescribe to suffering patients?
In the second experiment, 197 participants with chronic pain were selected. This type of participant is chosen because those who suffer from suffering have a different view of suffering.
These patients watched the same video as the one introduced earlier. In addition to quantifying pain, they must also evaluate the treatment they would recommend to each patient.
They were asked to estimate how many painkillers and psychotherapy the people in the video would need, and which treatment they thought would help each patient the most.
Fifty-eight percent of the participants believed that women needed painkillers, while 42% thought that psychotherapy was better. On the other hand, the proportion of men receiving prescription drugs is 62%, and the proportion of psychotherapy prescriptions is 38%.
According to the researchers, this reflects a greater coincidence in prescribing psychotherapy for women and more painkillers for men.Psychotherapy, by American Psychological Association, Is the application of scientifically proven non-pharmacological therapies (such as cognitive behavioral therapy) to improve people’s mental health.
Participants were then asked to attribute by gender pain sensitivity, pain resistance, and the willingness of people in pain to report pain.
Women responded that they endured the pain more, while both men and men believed that women were more willing to talk about their pain. However, these aspects were not reflected in the previous answers. According to the researchers, this is a clear consequence of gender stereotypes, which affect men and women.
Why people think women suffer less
Generally, it is generally believed that women express more emotions than men. As a result, men will be less willing to express their pain, which is why their gender is associated with a high tolerance for pain.
These stereotypes make the experiment participants and the whole society believe that women express their pain too frequently, and therefore, they believe that the pain they suffer is less severe.
Have gender stereotypes changed in the past 30 years?
Researchers say that gender bias in estimating pain can be an obstacle to effective care.This International Pain Research Association He pointed out that this may deepen people’s acceptance or understanding of the biological differences between men and women, which, together with the economic and political obstacles that still exist in many countries, have caused millions of women to suffer without proper treatment.