The first critical reaction to the New Pact for Migration and Asylum announced yesterday by the European Commission has not been long in coming. The Prime Minister of Hungary, the conservative Viktor Orban, one of the most unruly European leaders regarding refugee policies, has considered that the regulations proposed by Buseleas does not mean “a breakthrough”, despite tightening the conditions for asylum seekers. “The big breakthrough will come when the Hungarian proposal that says no one can step on the European Union without having permission to do so or without your request for asylum being accepted. Until then, they have to remain outside the territory of the European Union, “Orban said.
The new migratory pact, among other provisions, eliminates the quotas – the proportional number of refugees that each State had to increase – that was established after the 2015 crisis, with the arrival on the European continent of hundreds of thousands of people who fled wars in Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. In reality, the quota and relocation policy turned out to be a real failure, since countries such as Hungary, and their allies in the Visegrad Group, which also comprise the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia, have always been in favor of preventing the entry of immigrants, even fortifying their borders with barriers and walls.
The new provisions allow Member States prevent the reception of refugees and facilitate and expedite expulsion of people who are in European territory in an irregular situation, which for human rights organizations means giving rise to “hot returns”. The new regulation of the EU executive establishes, however, that those Member States that refuse to welcome immigrants will have the Responsibility for forwarding to their countries of origin those who manage to enter or remain irregularly, a requirement that the Visegrad Group firmly rejects.
“The basic approach has not changed because they want to manage migration but not contain migrants. And they are two different things“Orban insisted that, today, he met in Brussels with his counterparts Igor Matowic, from Slovakia, and Mateusz Morawiecki, from Poland, with the president of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. For the Hungarian Prime Minister, the new plan does not represent “a break. There are many changes, but there is no break. ”
For his part, the Polish Morawiecki pointed out that the Visegrad Group defends “more rigorous and efficient policies in border control, and aid to areas that constitute a source of migrants to Europe. “In the meeting they had with Von der Leyen, Morawiecki said, they presented their” initial opinions “on the new European migration policy.