The Spanish Society of Medical Oncology today published a report entitled “Spain Cancer Numbers 2021”, which pointed out how to add the continuously increasing incidence to the 21% delay in newly diagnosed cases during the first wave of the pandemic. Even with the use of covid-19, from January 2020 to May 2020, cancer is still the leading cause of death in men.
some days ago World cancer day, February 4, Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM) And the Spanish Cancer Registry Network (redefine) Submitted “Spain 2021 Cancer Data”, the report is based on previous data Pandemic Confirm the continuous increase of new cases.
The president of SEOM said: “It is vital to ensure the continuity of care, diagnosis and treatment of serious non-mixed diseases such as cancer to avoid excessive mortality caused by these diseases.” Álvaro Rodríguez-Lescure, At the press conference. “Among the patients who have been diagnosed, telephone attention has been prioritized, and treatment methods have been adjusted to minimize risks.”
He added: “The problem lies with those future patients who are on the edge, because the delay in the diagnosis of cancer will have a very negative impact on the outcome and the choices and opportunities for survival and remission.” “Covid’s behavior is like a black hole, absorbing manpower. , Treatment, technology and technical resources, this situation must be reversed.”
“We know that in the next few years, the number of new cancer cases will increase. REDCAN President Rodríguez-Lescure said that in addition to the continued growth observed, we must also increase the number of new cancers by 21% during the first wave of pandemics. Delay in confirmed cases. Jaumegalcerán.
Therefore, by 2021, 276,239 new cases in Spain (158,867 men and 117,372 women). For this reason, the most common are prostate cancer (35,764 new cases), colorectal cancer (25,678 cases), lungs (21,578 cases) and bladder (16,578 cases). This is followed by oral and pharyngeal cancer (5,725), liver cancer (5,039), kidney cancer (5,003), non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (4,897), pancreatic cancer (4,571) and gastric cancer (4,506).
Among women, breast cancer (33,375) and colorectal cancer (17,903) are the most diagnosed. Lung cancer (7,971) ranks third, followed by cervical cancer (6,923). It should be noted that the incidence of other tobacco-related tumors in women, such as oral and pharynx or bladder tumors, is expected to increase.
Number of cancers in Spain in 2021 / SEOM
For decades, the absolute number of cancers diagnosed in Spain has continued to increase. This increase is a response to factors such as population growth, aging of the population or exposure to risk factors such as tobacco, alcohol, obesity and sedentary lifestyles.
Such as the World Health Organization (WHO), one-third of cancer deaths are due to Five avoidable risk factorsIncluding tobacco (causing as many as 33% of tumors in the world and causing as many as 22% of cancer deaths), infections, alcoholism, a sedentary lifestyle and insufficient diet (insufficient fruits and vegetables).
According to the report of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (International Agency for Research on Cancer), published in 2020, alcohol In Europe, it causes more than 3 million deaths each year. In 2018, an estimated 180,000 cancer cases and 92,000 cancer deaths were attributed to alcohol (4.3% of cancer deaths).
“There is no safe amount of alcohol, because even in small amounts, alcohol can increase the risk of cancer. In addition, smoking and smoking have a synergistic effect: Rodríguez-Lescure warns that oral cancer can occur when drinking is combined with tobacco. The risk of oropharyngeal cancer or esophageal cancer increases by 30 times.
Survival and mortality
Generally speaking, survive Among the five-year net worth of patients diagnosed in Spain during 2008-2013, men accounted for 55.3% and women accounted for 61.7%. Experts estimate that these numbers are similar to those of neighboring countries and have doubled in the past 40 years. Although progress is slow in the future, they will continue to grow in the coming years.
However, it should not be forgotten that cancer is one of them Major causes of death in the world, By 2020, there will be about 9.9 million tumor-related deaths. In Spain, by 2020, the number of cancer deaths is estimated to be 113.00.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics (INE), from a global perspective, from January 2020 to May 2020, tumors were the third leading cause of death in my country. Among men, although covid-19 (26%, 28,291) is cancer, it is still the leading cause of death, still ahead of infectious diseases (22%, 24,712) and cardiovascular diseases (22%, 24,474). Among women, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death (26%, 28,727), followed by infectious diseases (21%, 23,681) and tumors (17%, 18,931).
Among cancers, from January 2020 to May 2020, lung cancer accounted for 25.6% (6,983) of male cancer deaths, followed by colon cancer (2,628), prostate cancer (2,550), pancreatic cancer (1,582) and bladder cancer (1,489). . On the same date and in women, the most common tumor that caused death was breast cancer (2,805), followed by lung (2,164), colon (1,951) and pancreas (1,476).