The 90s are dark Northern Ireland After years of illumination, shadows once again shrouded the entire territory. In recent weeks, the island has been damaged by conflicts between Catholics and Protestants, and the capital Belfast has become the center of the conflict. Catholics and Protestants face each other again, recalling the tensions of the past, Despite the tragedy of Brexit.Ireland is one of the key points in the negotiations between the two countries London ÿ Brussels And, although the goal is to leave everything on white, it seems that the ending is somewhat loose.
Last week there were particularly clashes, car fires, Molotov cocktail parties launched, and protests that the government could not control.Executive Officer of the British Conservative Party Boris Johnson He called for calmness, but he didn’t appease the spirit. The most shocking image is one of the acts of violence that took place within the Belfast Peace Wall. Divide the Catholic community (Mainly a Republican and an Irish supporter) Protestant (Unionists are conducive to becoming part of the UK). This is the worst unrest since the signing of the peace agreement more than two decades ago.
In the new (but old) environment of Northern Ireland, there are two reasons: Britain withdraws from the European Union And the old political and social wounds that were not completely eradicated at the time. From a geographical point of view, Northern Ireland is part of Ireland, but politically speaking, it is just another part of Britain.One of the trickiest aspects of the agreement between London and Brussels is that it avoids that there is no border between the two countries. Belfast ÿ Dublin.The “boundary” without physicality is already in Good Friday Peace AgreementIn 1998, such an action to restore the border would be the end of calming down between the two sides.
solution?This The border has moved into the sea and is invisible, but it is not non-existent. For many voices, this is just a patch, and one of the reasons for the anger and commotion is that the commodity trade is now full of bureaucracy. European Union with United Kingdom.Protestants believe that Northern Ireland’s position in the United Kingdom has been weakened, and the government has repeatedly stated Johnson Failure to comply with the Brexit agreement will not generate much confidence. Literally, they think that they have opened their doors to the sea, and their lives are now at a self-righteous disadvantage.
Elcano analyst Enrique Feás explained 20 minutes Brexit “predictably heated the atmosphere” because “unionists felt that Boris Johnson was cheated.” At the time, Theresa May wanted to establish a “customs union” with Northern Ireland, but the unionists “thought that this was not enough.” Feás explained that he already knew that “there would be control.”Pro-British people are angry because “they don’t want any control”, but this is “the only way to abide by the Good Friday agreement. For experts “It is totally wise to put the border in the sea”,completed.
On the other hand, perhaps the most important, is political conflict. Like Scotland, Northern Ireland also voted for Brexit, and reunification is the only option for Belfast to rejoin the European Union. About 47% of citizens would approve of an Ireland, while 42% of citizens would like to continue to be bound by London. From a political point of view, the position of unionists has been weakened compared with Republicans. In the past, it was close to the United Kingdom in terms of “power”, but now things have changed: for many Ulster Irish people, prosperity is the European Union.
In this social turmoil, political scientists Jon Baldwin QuintanillaExplains: “Since 1998, the number of deaths in this area has continued to decrease. Groups and individuals do not recognize peace, and competition still existsHe added: “This agreement” is to provide temporary assistance for a very deep conflict, a temporary and unstable peace. It neither intends to reconcile the Republicans and the unionists, nor does it intend to get them to live in harmony, but to try Stop this conflict. “For Baldwin, changes that are as important as Brexit, coupled with the fact that Ireland is a member of the European Union, “will inevitably eventually rekindle the conflict. Although so far, its scale is small (especially compared to the previous periods of the conflict)”.
The violence mainly occurred in the Protestant areas of India. Belfast And surrounding areas and the second city in Northern Ireland, Londonderry, Although the riots have spread to the Catholic community. Britain left the EU’s economic embrace on December 31, and the new trade agreement quickly angered Northern Irish unionists who wanted to stay in the EU. United Kingdom. The coronavirus pandemic exacerbated the initial business failure, caused supermarkets to run out of stock and triggered alarms.
Baldwin said the consequences of what happened this week were “unpredictable.”He said it’s important to understand Brexit “It reminds Northern Irish society that it has unresolved problems.” Whether this kind of violence is maintained as a confrontation between small groups or escalated into an armed struggle in the 1970s, “mainly depends on these groups. In addition to their ethnic and ethnic antagonisms, these groups also have strong ideological antagonisms.”
In three decades of conflict, More than 3,600 people, Most of them were civilians, killed in bombs and shootings. Most were in Northern Ireland, although the infamous Irish Republican Army also blew up bombs in London and other British cities. Although there is no more terrorism, violence has been revived due to current reasons, and it seems that it has reappeared due to the trauma of the past.