The Renaissance Dam, considered vital by Addis Ababa, has been a source of tension between the three countries since the first stone was laid a decade ago.
Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan resumed negotiations in Kinshasa on Sunday, April 4, on the Ethiopian large dam on the Blue Nile. The hydropower station was proposed by Addis Ababa and poses a threat to Cairo and Khartoum. US Ambassador Mike Hammer also attended the opening ceremony of the meeting, which will end on Monday.
“These negotiations are the opportunity for the three countries to seize the final agreement.”Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said.The agreement should enable “Fill and run the Renaissance dam in the next few months and before the next rainy season”, He added.
“The Kinshasa Conference set a goal for itself to trigger new momentum”The moderator of the meeting said that the President of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Felix Tsisekedi, has been the annual chairman of the African Union (AU) since February. “I invite everyone to start again, open one or more windows of hope, seize every opportunity, and rekindle the fire of hope”, He urged participants to be willing “Together to seek African solutions to African problems”.
The Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has been a source of tension between these three countries since its foundation 10 years ago (April 2011). The border with Sudan is on the Blue Nile, which is connected to the White Nile by its course, north of Kartoum, and then continues to Egypt.
GERD may become the largest hydroelectric dam in Africa, with an announced capacity of nearly 6,500 megawatts. Addis Ababa announced in October that the first stage of filling work had ended in August 2020. Ethiopia says that the hydroelectric power produced by the dam is critical to meeting the energy needs of its 110 million people.
Egypt, which relies on about 97% of the Nile for irrigation and drinking water, sees the Ethiopian dam as a threat to its water supply. Sudan fears that if Ethiopia completely replenishes GERD before reaching an agreement, its dam will be destroyed.
Egypt “The real political will to reach an agreement has been negotiated in the past ten years”And added the Egyptian Foreign Minister.The agreement should ensure that Ethiopia achieves its development goals while maintaining its development goals “rights and interests” From Egypt and Sudan. “If all parties attending the meeting have political will and good will, then we can reach the desired agreement, which will pave the way for cooperation” Mr. Shoukry concluded.