According to a study by the University of Oviedo, the term scallop is incorrectly used to refer to other species, such as scallops, which can cause confusion among consumers.
A survey by Oviedo University (Oviedo) showed that in Zamburiñas of Asturias.As a result, I have seen the light in the magazine Food control, They found that 49% of the products analyzed were mislabeled (73 out of 148 samples analyzed), mainly because they replaced scallops with other species scallop.
Similarly, after analyzing the dishes of 20 restaurants, it was found that scallops were displayed on the menu. In 100% of the cases, the species provided was Pacific scallops (Yew), this is a frozen species produced by aquaculture and native to the coasts of Peru and Chile.
This study represents the first assessment of the level of fraud in these species, with a total of twelve samples supermarket ÿ small store Provides scallops in the form of fresh, frozen and canned products, as well as 18 products restaurant Provide “samburiñas” in Asturias and two restaurants in other provinces.
Using partial fragments of rRNA from the mitochondrial 16S gene, the obtained samples were classified and genetically identified.
Spanish legislation defines the names of scallops to designate specific species according to the “fish name” rule: variant.
Although from a nutritional point of view, the found substitutes may not be significant, but due to the price difference between the prices of the species studied and the types and sources of products used to make substitutes, the impact on the economy and even health may be very significant. important.
This Food fraud It may cause economic losses, violate consumer rights, and most importantly, have a negative impact on the correct management and planning of the development of marine resources.
M, Parondo; López, S.; Aparicio-Valencia, A.; Fueyo, A.; Quintanilla-García, P.; Arias, A. & Borrell, YJ (2020). “You will almost never get what you want to pay: the mislabeling of commercial “zamburiñas” is widespread in northern Spain. Food control.